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MBASkool.com aims to be the most comprehensive online portal for MBA graduates and business professionals. MBASkool.com is the complete knowledge base for any MBA student or business professional, who is looking for that extra spark to set the ball rolling!
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    With the growing focus on automation and technology, there has been a consistent boom as far as the IT sector is concerned. As per industry reports, the worldwide information technology spending is pegged at over $4.5 trillion worldwide for 2018. Things like IOT, cloud computing, privacy, online security etc are the IT services being served to clients by the top IT companies in the world. The list of top IT companies include Microsoft, IBM, Oracle followed by Accenture, HPE, SAP & other big IT brands. Majority of the IT services happen in US and Asia, which contribute to one-third of the overall global business worldwide. The growth of the information technology industry in the world is pegged at 4.5-5% as per industry experts. Here is the list of the top 10 IT companies in the world 2018 based on revenue.


    Quick Glance :

    Below are the biggest and top IT Companies in World 2018:

    1st Place : Microsoft

    2nd Place : IBM

    3rd Place : Oracle

    4th Place : Accenture

    5th Place : HPE

    6th Place : SAP

    7th Place : TCS

    8th Place : Capgemini

    9th Place : Cognizant

    10th Place : Infosys

    For More details about rankings and parameters, read on.


    Top IT Companies 2018 with Ranking Parameter (Revenue):


    10. Infosys

    Infosys is an Indian MNC that provides IT solution to its client through business process consulting, software development and business process outsourcing services.


    Image: company website

    Infosys had around 200000 employees by the end of March 2017 & its headquarter is located in Bengaluru, Karnataka, India. The company is also known for its high gender diversity as it has around 36% of women workforce all across the world. Infosys is the second largest Indian IT company by 2017 revenues and is ranked under top 10 IT company of the world in terms of revenue. On June 2017, its market capitalisation was around $34 billion. During financial year 2017, Infosys had a 4% hiring rate and received around 1,290,000 applications from prospective employees who were interested in building their career with Infosys. Its workforce consists of employees from more than 100 different nations.

    Out of its total workforce, more than 75% are software professionals, 15-20% are working in its Business process mapping arm and remaining are engaged for technical support and sales projects.  It was the India’s first IT company which was able to cross annual revenue of US$100 million in the year 2000, US$1 billion in 2004 and US$10.21 billion in 2017. Quarter 3 of 2017 financial year, Infosys were able to achieve high growth rate with net profit increased to 38.3%.

    Revenue: US $10.21 Billion

    Profit: 21.9% of its revenue


    9. Cognizant

    Cognizant is one of the leading IT services companies which is helping clients' to transform their existing business, operating and technology models with the rapidly changing digital technology.


    Image: flickr.com/photos/cognizant-worldwide/

    Cognizant is consistently able to maintain its ranking among the most admired and fastest growing companies in the world. Cognizant unique industry based consulting approach actually helping client to build more innovative and efficient businesses. It has its headquarter located in U.S. Cognizant is also the member of the Nasdaq and it is ranked 205 on the Fortune 500 ranking. The revenue of Cognizant is consistently growing and it has increased from $7.7 Billion to $13.5 billion currently. It has an employee strength of around 260,000 workforce by 2016. Cognizant is investing aggressively in digital services to enhance value for stakeholders or shareholders through high return of capital. Cognizant is helping banks revolutionize lending by assessing risk using predictive analytics by analysing customer’s financial history. Using advanced analytics tools, they analyse rich borrower data which helps banks to better predict a customer’s creditworthiness and take various informed decisions to lend money to those who have lower credit risk. It also help qualified individuals and businesses to get the desired financing.

    Revenue: $ 14.81 Billion

    Profit: 10.2% of its Revenue


    8. Capgemini

    Capgemini is one of the leading IT companies in the world having a strong global presence.


    Image: flickr.com/photos/claudiolobos/

    The French company Capgemini, based out of Paris, has its global operations spread across more than 40 countries. The brand is a leader in IT services providing consulting, professional services, outsourcing etc, which is driven by more than 190000+ employee globally. Over the last few year, Capgemini is consolidated its position as a leading IT company by acquiring several other players in the industry. To name a few, the company has acquired iGate, Fahrenheit 212, LiquidHub-US etc in the last couple to years. All these acquisitions have helped the company have more business in IT, technology and strategy domains. Green IT is another business initiative of Capgemini which has put the company in the elite company of the top IT companies in the world. The company was formed in 1967 by Serge Kampf and has since then become one of the pioneers in the industry. In India, itself the company has over 100000 employees. With a consistent performance year after year the company has also been recognized by several awards from the likes of Gartner, Forrester, Backbase etc.

    Revenue: $ 15.73 Billion

    Profit: 6.4% of its Revenue


    7. Tata Consultancy Services (TCS)

    Tata Consultancy Services (TCS) has been ranked as no. 1 Indian Multinational IT firm which generate its revenue from various domains.


    Image: company website

    TCS has many functional domains like consulting, software development, infrastructure support and business process outsourcing and its headquarter is located in Mumbai, India. It comes under the world's top 10 largest IT services provider by revenue. As of 2017, it has also been ranked 10th in the Fortune India 500 list. It has various clients of different sectors like Banking and Financials, Consumer Goods and Distribution, Communication, Media & Technology, Energy- Resources and Utilities, Insurance, manufacturing, Life Sciences & Healthcare, Retail, Public services etc. It has surpassed Reliance industries by achieving Rs. 6.19 trillion market capitalization and has become the most valued firm of India. TCS is expanding its technology portfolio and is working on latest technologies like Artificial Intelligence, Machine learning, Internet of things, Cloud Computing and Cyber Security.

    Revenue: $17.57 Billion

    Profit: 22.3 % of its revenue


    6. SAP

    SAP has been able to successfully build its image as world leader in enterprise applications in terms of software and software related services.


    Image: flickr.com/photos/marc_smith/

    It has an employee strength of more than 88,000 employees in more than 130+ countries and based on market capitalization, SAP is world’s third largest software manufacturer. SAP has more than 380,000 customers in over 170+ countries. SAP has strong history of technology innovation and it has always focussed on innovating new technology due to which it has developed 100+ innovation and development centre across the world. SAP is leveraging technologies like machine learning, Internet of things, blockchain, cloud and SAP HANA to solve various business problems across all industries and regions.

    SAP HANA allows companies to integrate processes end to end and help them in enhance their business models in the way they actually want to create enormous amounts of value for its customers. For supply chain and logistics management, SAP was the first company to build ERP solutions and it always focussed on extending the business processes beyond the customer expectations. Through business collaboration and networking they are able to achieve massive scale and high market share. The company is thinking of migrating their 90% of SAP customers to their new platform by 2025. They want to eliminate paper-based processes and redundancy. They also aim to get a billion users of our cloud solutions and also they want half a million businesses of all sizes running SAP software so that they can defeat complexity and able to simplify their businesses.

    Revenue: $28.86 Billion

    Profit: 28.9% of its Revenue


    5. Hewlett Packard Enterprise

    Hewlett Packard Enterprise is one of the leading technology firm that enable its customers to remain robust and upfront to changing environment.


    Image: pixabay

    HP is an American multinational company headquartered in California and has its research arm known as HP Labs. It was founded in 1966 aims to deliver new technologies and to create opportunities which helps HP to maintain its market share in the current dynamic scenario. HP has a most comprehensive product portfolio and provide its customers cloud solutions, data centre, workplace applications. They develop technology and services which help its customers to be more IT proficient, more productive and secure across the globe. It is specialized in developing and designing software, data storage, cloud computing.

    There are several product lines and services which forms the major part of their total revenue such as personal and official computing or printing devices, networking devices like large servers, storage devices, software and it also has several range of hardware products like printers etc. HP spends large amount of its earning in marketing its products to several enterprises, households, supply chain retailers, software partners, major technology vendors, SME’s through offline or via online medium. HP Software also provides software solutions like SAAS software as a service, cloud computing services, including education, consulting, support etc.

    Revenue: $12.8 billion

    Profit: 1.38% of its revenue


    4.  Accenture

    Accenture has been listed in fortune global 500 companies and is one of the largest IT companies.


    Image: flickr.com/photos/passion_in_action/

    It is a global management consultancy firm which provides professional services like strategy, consulting, technology and operations services. Accenture started as the business and tech consulting firm of accounting firm which was named as Arthur Andersen. In the year 1989, it separated and Andersen consulting adopted its current name Accenture which means accent of the future. The company has a head count of more than 400,000 employees worldwide. Accenture has various business units and all business units have unique contribution in Accenture’s overall revenue generation. Accenture consulting provides mobility services and digital marketing analytics. Accenture technology focusses on research and development, technology solution implementation, technology labs for emerging technologies. Accenture strategy provides technology strategy services, business strategy and operation strategy services.

    Investments by Accenture in the future-

    Digital: Accenture has been recognised as largest provider of digital marketing services.

    Cloud: Accenture is helping various companies to migrate to the cloud to realize the benefit of increased agility at lower speed.

    Security: For various clients they are providing enhanced capabilities for advanced security and increased productivity. In 2017 their investment has almost been double in acquisition to become more relevant and grow continuously through inorganic and strategic acquisition.

    Revenue: $34.90 Billion

    Profit: 13.3% of its revenue


    3. Oracle

    Oracle corporation headquarter is located in Redwood Shores California and it is one of the renowned American MNC.


    Image: pixabay

    Oracle has second highest revenue in software industry after Microsoft with an employee base of around 1,35,000. The company is widely known for its ERP solutions, database development and management, supply chain management software and Customer relationship management software. Oracle has a wide customer base having more than 400,000 customers across the globe and has their presence across wide variety of industries in more than 150 countries. Oracle is known for its user friendly applications and always try to eliminate the complexities from the applications they build like applications ranging from data centre operations to cloud applications which can be road block for business innovation, speed, flexibility, manageability, reliability, security and engineering.

    It enable its customers by providing smart solutions which add value to their business as well as their users and customers. Oracle has more than 16,000 patents worldwide. The company is focussing majorly on building intelligent cloud applications, integrated cloud platform, open source platform for developers, ERP solutions and analytical tools which use machine learning algorithms to generate results. Oracle is also developing its capabilities in AI, machine learning, IOT, blockchain, human interface technologies all of which aimed to enhance customer capabilities so that they can develop their own innovative products and services. Oracle investment is huge in Research and development activities and it was $6.5 billion dollars in the year 2017.

    Revenue: $37.73 Billion

    Profit: 24.8% of its revenue


    2. IBM

    International Business Machine (IBM) is an American MNC and is operational in more than 150 countries.


    Image: pixabay

    The company was established originally as computing recording company but was later renamed as IBM (International Business Machines) in 1924. IBM headquarter is present in Armonk, New York, and it has a diverse portfolio of software products and services which they are further expanding to cater the current growing needs of existing and new users. Major areas from where it earns its revenue are cloud computing, cognitive computing, data analytics and Internet of things, IT infrastructure and security. IBM’s revenue is growing at a double digit rate. During 2017 they successfully strengthened their position as a leading enterprise for providing cloud services and block chain leader for the business.

    IBM believes in high R&D investment due to which company holds the record for most patents generated by business. IBM has the highest workforce and company is known for its employee friendly schemes like the company was among the first corporations to provide group life insurance. IBM is one of the world’s largest employer with nearly around 380,000 employees. Looking ahead, IBM is positioning uniquely to help clients and users to use AI and data analytics to build smarter businesses. Over the past years IBM invested aggressively in technology and its people but senior leadership also considering IBM to position in key high value segments of the IT industry like AI, blockchain, cloud computing and information security.

    Revenue: $ 79.14 billion

    Profit: 45.8% of its Revenue


    1. Microsoft Corporation

    Microsoft Corporation is headquartered in Redmond, Washington, and is one of the largest companies in the world.


    Image: pixabay

    The products like Microsoft Windows, Microsoft Office, and Internet Explorer etc is being used by almost by almost every professional in the world. Microsoft was founded by Bill Gates and Paul Allen on 4, April, 1975, and it has expanded its market share by diversifying its services from operating system market to other various software products. It also took advantage of inorganic growth i.e. improve its revenue by acquiring no. of companies. Lastly Microsoft has acquired Linkedin which is considered to be largest acquisition for 26.2 billion dollars in 2016 and also it has acquired skype technologies for 8.5 billion dollars in the year 2011. There is a new paradigm shift in technology with the rapidly evolving environment and Microsoft is trying to lead this new era as a front runner. Looking forward Microsoft is focussing on new innovative technologies like Machine Learning, AI and cloud computing to drive new growth that can help them building their own digital capability and provide robust solutions for various users.

    There is a huge surge in the growth rate of gaming industry and Microsoft is investing huge amount in $100 billion Gaming industry. They have around half million live member network of XBOX users. They want Microsoft to be the company of gamers to play the games they want, on the device they want and with the people they want. Microsoft Corporation strategically prioritizing their investments to capture the expanding markets opportunities. They are expanding their existing datacentres and they are bringing Azure to various regions globally more than any other cloud services provider and with the best compliance coverage in the IT industry.

    Revenue: $53 billion

    Profit: 31% of its revenue


    Ranking Methodology:

    1. The top 15 IT companies in the world are considered

    2. Parameters like revenues and profit margins are taken

    3. Based on the revenues, the final ranking is created.


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    Pharmaceutical industry has been one of the most consistently growing sector the world over. With billions of dollars riding on the medical industry, pharma companies have been regularly huge sums on research & development to have more innovative solutions in medical sciences. The leading companies in the pharma sector has a strong production and distribution of medicines, which are available at all hospitals & pharmacy stores worldwide. The list of top pharma companies include names like Pfizer, Roche, Johnson & Johnson followed by Merck, Sanofi, Novartis, AbbVie etc. Here is a list of the top 10 pharma companies in the world 2018.


    Quick Glance :

    Below are the top Pharmaceuitical Companies in World 2018:

    1st Place : Pfizer

    2nd Place : Roche

    3rd Place : Johnson & Johnson

    4th Place : Merck & Co

    5th Place : Sanofi

    6th Place : Novartis

    7th Place : AbbVie

    8th Place : GlaxoSmithKline

    9th Place : Gilead Sciences

    10th Place : Amgen

    For More details about rankings and parameters, read on.


    Top Pharma Companies 2018 with Ranking Parameters (Revenue, R&D etc):


    10. Amgen

    Amgen Inc is an American multinational biopharmaceutical organization headquartered in Thousand Oaks, California.


    Image: Wikimedia

    Amgen finds and creates inventive treatments in both biopharmaceuticals and little particle drugs. In 2017, top 3 of the line drugs incorporate Enbrel, Neulasta, and Aranesp, and for the final quarter, add up to incomes diminished 3 percent versus the final quarter of 2016 to ~6 billion. For the entire year, add up to incomes diminished 1 percent to 22.8 billion. Generally accepted accounting principles misfortune per offer of 5.89 for the final quarter and GAAP profit per share aka Earnings per share of 2.69 for the entire year incorporate a 6.1 billion charge identified with effects of corporate expense change. Non-GAAP Earnings per share were level in the final quarter at 2.89, driven by higher working edges and intrigue wage and a lower share tally. Free income for the entire year grew 9 percent to 10.5 billion, driven by higher working salary and great changes in working capital. At year end, money and speculations totaled 41.7 billion. The Company hopes to expand speculations to drive extra volume-driven development of novel meds in extensive patient populaces. These designs incorporate another U.S. producing plant. Money to investors totaled 6.5 billion of every 2017 through profits and offer repurchases. The Company's Board of Directors approved an extra 10 billion of offer to repurchases. This approval is not withstanding the current 4.4 billion in share repurchase approval as of 2017. 2018 aggregate incomes direction of 21.8-22.8 billion.

    Revenue (USD Million): 22849

    R&D Expenses (USD Million): 3562

    Annual Revenue Growth: -1%


    9. Gilead Sciences

    Research-based Pharma company, Gilead, is one of the largest pharma companies in the world.


    Image: company website

    In 2016, the affiliation extended administrative guaranteeing for Vemlidy, which is used to treat hepatitis B defilement disorders. Obviously, Gilead concentrated on influencing antiviral medications for convincing ailments to like HIV and hepatitis B/C, in any case, the affiliation has fanned out into different districts, for example, aspiratory distresses. Despite the fact that 2016 antiviral remedy game plans addressed 90% of aggregate pay, the total gathered from other pharmaceutical courses of action has moved by 13.6% since 2015. Signify wages for the last quarter of 2017 were 5.9 billion appeared differently in relation to 7.3 billion for a comparative period in 2016. Net incident for the last quarter of 2017 was 3.9 billion, or 2.96 hardship per share, stood out from net pay of 3.1 billion, or 2.34 per debilitated offer for a comparable period in 2016. The net incident for the last quarter consolidates a normal 5.5 billion accuse distinguished of the foundation of the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act (Tax Reform). Net pay for the last quarter of 2017 was 2.3 billion, or 1.78 per offer, stood out from 3.6 billion, or 2.70 per debilitated offer for a comparable period in 2016. Net pay denies wholes related to obtainment related, ahead of time joint exertion, stock-based pay and diverse expenses, and the impact of Tax Reform. Full year 2017 total wages were 26.1 billion, stood out from 30.4 billion for 2016. Net wage for 2017 was 4.6 billion, or 3.51 per debilitated offer, appeared differently in relation to 13.5 billion, or 9.94 per debilitated offer for 2016.

    Revenue (USD Million): 25662

    R&D Expenses (USD Million): 3374

    Annual Revenue Growth: -15%


    8. GlaxoSmithKline

    GlaxoSmithKline is an English pharmaceutical organization which is known worldwide for its medicines and other products.


    Image: flickr.com/photos/anemoneprojectors/

    The expansion can be credited to the superb execution of HIV drugs Trivicay and Triumeq, and solid immunization deals, especially the meningitis and influenza antibody. The organization prides itself on its wide helpful effort that highlights a solid pipeline of inventive medications and treatments inside zones, for example, neurology, oncology, respiratory and immuno-aggravation. In 2016, GSK's then-CEO Andrew Witty trusts that the year's execution was because of "ventures we made to manufacture new scale and supportability in the gathering and to grow new items" and would like to see this achievement proceed into 2017. GSK has several brands in consumer healthcare as well. The company has been listed on New York Stock Exchange, London Stock Exchange as well as FTSE Index. Close to 100,000+ people are employed in the company.

    Revenue (USD Million): 24038

    R&D Expenses (USD Million): 6235

    Annual Revenue Growth: 7%


    7. AbbVie

    AbbVie is an American biopharmaceutical affiliation that addresses noteworthy master in making little particle drugs for patients around the world.


    Image: company website

    Another region into ProClinical's best 10 pharma list, the affiliation is popular for working up the most elevated purpose of the line calm, Humira, which is utilized to treat rheumatoid joint disturbance. The affiliation additionally rotates around other treatment zones, for example, dermatology, oncology, neurological disarranges and metabolic infirmities. AbbVie owes a lot of its thriving this year to the standard degree of general best offering drugs, for example, Humira and Imbruvica, notwithstanding the way that Lupron, Veikira and Synthroid have additionally acknowledged an area in boosting wage. The midpoint of this heading reflects year-over-year advancement of 32 percent, most of which is driven by improvement in the central business. In regard to the in advance issued 2018 bearing gave in October 2017, this course fuses a development of 0.08 in view of more grounded working components. AbbVie's adjusted Earnings per share course go mirrors a suitable evaluation rate of about 9 percent in 2018. In 2018, AbbVie will experience a one-time net tax reduction related to the arranging of the phase in of courses of action of the new sanctioning on particular assistants. AbbVie speculates the association's adjusted intense appraisal rate to augmentation to 13 percent all through the accompanying 5 years in light of extended nearby wage and wander.

    Revenue (USD Million): 28216

    R&D Expenses (USD Million): 4982

    Annual Revenue Growth: 10.39%


    6. Novartis

    The Swiss pharmaceutical Company, Novartis, makes or produces the pharmaceutical products in the zones/area of medicines, pharma products etc.


    Image: Wikimedia

    2016 noticed a slight dunk in show progression from the earlier year, however the affiliation checked this hardship by uncovering some basic inside changes to help future game plans. Such as an example, Novartis split their pharmaceutical unit in two, with one being only focused around oncology – a region of phenomenal concentration that they have to widen going advances. On the other hand Cosentyx was an important achievement in the year 2016 and bits of knowledge at no help off in 2017. Novartis passed on best execution in 2017 as strong offers of our advancement key drivers, including Cosentyx, Entresto, Promacta/Revolade, and Tafinlar + Mekinist, continued adjusting the impact of non particular contention for our tumor sedate Gleevec/Glivec. Our results underscore the extensiveness and nature of our thing portfolio and highlight our success at controlling through patent terminations. Arrangements extended in the Innovative Medicines Division and the Alcon eye mind division returned to improvement. Sandoz Division bargains declined due to extended esteem contention in the US. Novartis net arrangements were USD 49.1 billion, up 1% in declared terms and up 2% in enduring money related structures. Arrangements volumes extended 7%, more than adjusting the impact of patent breaches. Working compensation in 2017 was USD 8.6 billion, basically it is controlled by higher arrangements, benefit changes and lower amortization, which were not entirely offset flat contention and higher publicizing wanders. Net wage was USD 7.7 billion benefitting from improvement in working pay and pay from related associations. Benefit per share were USD 3.28 benefitting from higher net pay and our offer buyback program.

    Revenue (USD Million): 33000

    R&D Expenses (USD Million): 8972

    Annual Revenue Growth: 1.35%


    5. Sanofi

    Sanofi is one of the largest pharmaceutical companies in the world having a global presence.


    Image: Wikimedia

    Sanofi is a French pharmaceutical organization that spotlights on creating and assembling treatments for some of the present greatest worldwide medical problems. Headquartered in Paris, France, the company has a strong workforce with over 100,000+ employees. The company covers main medicinal areas like cardiovascular, central nervous system, diabetes, internal medicine, oncology, thrombosis and vaccines. The organization picked up FDA endorsement for once-day by day insulin infusion Soliqua for patients with type 2 diabetes, while blockbuster sedate Lantus (diabetes and cardiovascular) encountered a plunge in deals contrasted and 2015. Although, the diabetes and the cardiovascular fragment grew by 3.8%, close by Sanofi Genzyme (strength mind) which expanded by 12.6 percent and also the Rare Disease Franchise by 9.7 percent.

    Revenue (USD Million): 36663

    R&D Expenses (USD Million): 6697

    Annual Revenue Growth: 4.2%


    4. Merck & Co

    In like manner making profit this year, Merck and Co is a US pharmaceutical company headquartered in New Jersey.


    Image: flickr.com/photos/75012107@N05/

    Regardless of the way that the association did not experience an extensive hop in pay differentiated and 2015 figures, Merck has kept up continuing business part improvement all through 2016 and into 2017. Amazingly, their non-little cell threat sedate Keytruda expanded regulatory underwriting from the FDA and EMA. It is depended upon to be an 'unmistakable preferred standpoint' for lung development patients around the globe. Expects Full-Year 2018 Worldwide Sales to be Between 41.2 Billion and 42.7 Billion, also including an approximately 1 Percent Positive and good Impact from Foreign Exchange. The Earnings per share is expected to be between 2.97 and 3.12. 70,000+ employees are with the organization Merck, the company which was established in 1917.

    Revenue (USD Million): 35390

    R&D Expenses (USD Million): 10000

    Annual Revenue Growth: 1%


    3. Johnson & Johnson

    With about 20 billion more and higher in wage, Johnson and Johnson is by a long shot the world's most prominent pharmaceutical relationship in light of compensation.


    Image: flickr.com/photos/aukirk/

    The US pharmaceutical, helpful contraptions and buyer flourishing supplier is a since quite a while earlier settled easily apparent name, with staple things. For example, Aveeno, Johnson's Baby and Clean and Clear overwhelming the customer stock advance. Wage has stretched out, to a confined degree, in perspective of a 6.5% ascending in pharmaceutical courses of action regardless of the way that an immense essential bit of the affiliation's focal points is from their buyer flourishing partition. The lift in pharmaceutical game plans is for the most part an immediate aftereffect of the stellar execution of illness steady Imbruvica, which is up by 86%. Like Pfizer, J&J have united a superior than normal year with an especially sorted out 30 billion mergers with Swiss biopharma Actelion. General arrangements for the whole year 2017 were 76.5 billion, an extension of 6.3% versus 2016. Operational results extended 6.0% and the beneficial outcome of cash was 0.3%. Family unit bargains extended 5.4%. All-inclusive arrangements extended 7.4%, reflecting operational advancement of 6.6% and a positive cash impact of 0.8%. Notwithstanding the net impact of acquisitions and divestitures, on an operational introduce, general arrangements for the whole year 2017 extended 2.4%, family unit bargains extended 1.6% and overall arrangements extended 3.3%. Net pay and debilitated benefit per share for the whole year 2017 were 1.3 billion and 0.47, independently. Whole year net salary included after-evaluate unimportant amortization cost of around 2.5 billion and a charge for after-force exceptional things of generally 16.2 billion. Consolidated into these uncommon things is a transitory measure of around 13.6 billion related with the present foundation of cost establishment.

    Revenue (USD Million): 36256

    R&D Expenses (USD Million): 10554

    Annual Revenue Growth: 8.3%


    2. Roche

    Among the primary 3 pharmaceutical associations of 2017 is another Swiss-based pharma company, F. Hoffmann-La Roche Ltd.


    Image: company website

    The association makes drugs and symptomatic instruments and has a proximity in Europe, North America, South America and Asia. The present year's success is owed to creating offers of top notch drugs, Herceptin, Kadcyla and Perjeta that extended by 4%, 7% and 26% independently. The association is in like manner planning to push some new propel solutions into the market all through the accompanying couple of years, including much-expected Ocrevus that will be used to treat various sclerosis. Hoffmann-La (Roche) is an exploration centered human services organization that creates, makes and conveys inventive therapeutics and indicative instruments and tests. Roche offers medication in various categories i.e. oncology, diabetes, ophthalmology, neuroscience, immunology, and irresistible illnesses. In 2017, top 3 top rated drugs incorporate malignancy medicines MabThera/Rituxan, Herceptin, and Perjeta.

    Revenue (USD Million): 44368

    R&D Expenses (USD Million): 10329

    Annual Revenue Growth: 12%


    1. Pfizer

    The next place, American company Pfizer is ranked 1 and it is one of the biggest pharma companies globally.


    Image: flickr.com/photos/matsuyuki/

    The organization bases on a broad assortment of treatment areas including oncology, neuroscience, metabolic ailments and exceptional ailment, and furthermore making vaccinations. Extended pay can be associated with the tremendous advancement of a couple of solutions which includes chest malady, Lyrica (misery) and Eliquis (blood thinner) that additional to a general 5% move up in bargains. In like manner, Pfizer got a little pharmaceutical association arranged in California, that is depended upon to help the pharma mammoth's disturbance and immunology portfolio in the coming years. 2017 earning of 52 Billion shows the strong position of the company. Revenues were also increased by 2% operationally. The Final Quarter of 2017 earnings of 13+ Billion increased substantially, which shows the consistence performance of the brand. 2018 revenue Growth of 4% and Adjusted Diluted Earnings per share Growth of 11% show a strong financial performance forecasting for the company.

    Revenue (USD Million): 52540

    R&D Expenses (USD Million): 7657

    Annual Revenue Growth: -0.53%


    Rank Methodology:

    1. The leading pharmaceutical companies in the world are considered.

    2. Parameters like revenues, R&D expenditure and growth rate are considered and given 40%, 50% and 10% weightages respectively.

    3. A final score is calculated and the ranks are evaluated.



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    Telecommunication has seen a steady growth for the year with increasing penetration of services. With calls becoming unlimited & free, and data volumes surging, top telecom companies are in a growth phase. The highly growing telecommunications industry, consists of all Internet service providers and telecommunications/telephone companies. The list of Top telecom companies include AT&T, China Mobile, Vodafone, Verizon, Deutsche Telekom followed by Orange, Telefonica, America Móvil, China Telecom etc. All these compete in terms of network connectivity and customer satisfaction and high speed internet (4G, 5G). Here is a list of the top 10 telecom companies in world 2018.


    Quick Glance :

    Below are the biggest and top Telecom Companies in World 2018:

    1st Place : AT&T

    2nd Place : Verizon

    3rd Place : China Mobile

    4th Place : Deutsche Telekom

    5th Place : Vodafone

    6th Place : China Telecom

    7th Place : America Movil

    8th Place : Xfinity

    9th Place : Telefonica

    10th Place : Orange

    For More details about rankings and parameters, read on.


    Top Telecom Companies 2018 with Ranking Parameter (Revenue, Net Income):


    10. Orange

    Orange S.A. is a French multinational telecommunications corporation formerly known as France Telecom S.A.


    Image: flickr.com/photos/dpstyles/

    It was founded in 1994 and Orange has been their main brand across the offerings like mobile, landline, Internet and IPTV. Company was found in and is listed in Euro Stoxx 50 stock market index, and under the current leadership of Stephane Richard, Chairman & CEO Orange Group, company operates in 28 countries and operates as orange business services in 220 countries. Company is mainly focused in Europe, Africa and Middle East continents. Group continues to focus on the deployment of 4G and fiber in European countries and generates 70% of their consolidated revenues there with 45% in France alone. Company has set a target of 95% 4G coverage in Europe by 2018. Another major market for Orange groups includes the 20 countries of Middle East and Africa. With presence of 4G in 10 countries, they serve more than 120 millions customers. Orange group has the market capitalization of 37.16 Billion Euros.

    Orange group inaugurated Open IoT lab, the first European lab dedicated to the LTE-M network and Internet of Things in 2017.  Roll out of LTE-M technology brings the newer business use of Internet of things in terms of coverage, battery life and cost. Orange is in the leader position in the Green Quadrant® on Sustainable Telecoms in Europe for the third consecutive year in 2011. Orange Business Services was awarded for providing “World class” customer experience in 2012. According to the 13th edition of Ocean82 publication, the company has received world class perceived performance rating from its customers.


    Revenue (in Million $): 50548.08

    Net Income (in Million $): 2635.89


    9. Telefonica

    Telefonica telecom, a Spanish telecom organization was founded in 1947 by Mariano Ospina Perez and headquartered in Bogota D.C.


    Image: pixabay

    It is the largest telecom company in Colombia owned by Telefonica and Colombian government. It extends its services to 346 million clients across 21 countries and has the employee base of 127000 professionals. In financial year January-December 2017 Telefonica had collected revenues worth 52,008 million euros and more than 21.4 million Internet and data accesses, 343.4 million total accesses,  271.7 million mobile phones accesses and 8.5 million pay TV accesses. Telefonica telecom is 100% listed company traded in some of the most important stock markets globally and have more than 1.3 million shareholders. The present market capitalization of Telefonica is 42.26 billions Euro It is mostly known by its commercial brands like movistar, O2 and vivo providing products and services ranging from mobile, landline, internet and televisions telecommunication service in several countries.

    Telefonica has been the winner of the My World Communications Award by the United Nations in 2014. The selection committee has highlighted the company's efforts to promote the initiative My World in Spain. It has also won Great place to work award in 2010. Telefonica recently signs an agreement with Microsoft Azure to work on integration of Internet Of Things devices, which will enable the users to easily, securely and reliably connect their IoT devices to Azure IoT Hub. Telefonica and Huawei are in partnership to create a suite of big data products for businesses and to expedite the process of digital adoption in the SME market.


    Revenue (in Million $): 52010

    Net Income (in Million $): 3520


    8. Xfinity

    The American telecommunications conglomerate Comcast Corporation is one of the top telecom companies.


    Image: flickr.com/photos/jeepersmedia/

    The company is branded as Xfinity markets wireless service, Internet, telephone and consumer cable television provided by the company. Xfinity brand was introduced in 2010 with the leadership of Dave Watson, CEO and Brian L. Roberts, Chairman. Comcast provided mainly three services viz Xfinity TV for digital cable, Xfinity Voice for digital voice and Xfinity Internet for high speed Internet. In February 2000, Comcast rebranded its triple play service offerings under the brand Xfinity; Digital Voice, Digital Cable and High Speed Internet as "Xfinity Voice", "Xfinity TV", and Comcast and "Xfinity Internet" respectively. Comcast has 25.131 million high-speed Internet customers as of April 27 2017. Comcast has market capitalization of 158.47B USD on 6th April 2018. The biggest telecom and satellite TV restraining infrastructure by income, Comcast provides connectivity to U.S. private and business clients in 40 states and in the District of Columbia. The organization's home office is situated in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. As the proprietor of the global media organization NBC Universal since 2011, Comcast is a maker of TV programs and highlight movies planned for showy display and over-the-air and digital transmission.

    Comcast NBCUniversal was holding tenth position in LinkedIn’s Top Companies List 2017. Frost and Sullivan also honored Comcast's Xfinity Home with its Company of the Year Award.  According to a Fortune survey polling thousands of women at companies from across the country, Comcast NBCUniversal ranked #31 among the best places to work for women.

    Revenue (in Million $): 52520

    Net Income (in Million $): 21170


    7. America Movil

    Found in 2000, the fourth largest mobile network operator in terms of equity subscribers América Móvil, is now one among the biggest firms in the world.


    Image: company website

    Headquartered in Mexican City, Mexico this Mexican telecommunications corporation is a Forbes Global 2000 company. This venture of Carlos Slim is the leading provider of integrated telecommunications services in Latin America. The company offers a portfolio of value added services and enhanced communications solutions in 25 countries in America and Europe through 363.1 million access lines, including 280.4 million wireless subscribers, 33.1 million landlines, 27.9 million broadband accesses and 21.7 million PayTV units as of September 30, 2017. The company operates under various brands: Telmex, Telcel and Claro In Latin America. In Mexico, the company has 65% of wireless market share with 91% wireless penetration. The current market capitalization for the company as of March 21, 2018 is 63.163B.

    Since February 2016, América Móvil and its subsidiaries have joined the United Nations Global Compact, reiterating their commitment to respect and promote the Ten Principles and the Sustainability Management Model of the UN Global Compact, both internally and throughout our supply chain. Through Groupe Speciale Mobile Association (GSMA) América Móvil like many other mobile operators work together with government agencies and private corporates to increase business and give its socio-economical contribution in Americas in terms of Response to natural disasters, privacy, SMS control, child protection, environmental care, handset theft, digital inclusion etc.

    Revenue (in Million $): 56000

    Net Income (in Million $): 1610


    6. China Telecom

    Headquartered in Beijing, the Chinese state owned Telecommunications Company China Telecom was founded on 17th May 2000.


    Image: Wikimedia

    The company is a constituent of Hang Seng China Enterprises Index, the index for H share of state-controlled listed companies, which is traded in the Stock Exchange of Hong Kong since 15 November 2002. Even the company’s American Depositary Shares ("ADSs") are listed on the New York Stock Exchange respectively. After marketization of China, the state-owned enterprise China Telecommunications Corporation spin off the brand and China Telecom started operating as a subsidiary, being floated in the Stock Exchange of Hong Kong. As at the end of 2016, the Company had mobile subscribers of about 215 million, wireline broadband subscribers of about 123 million and access lines in service of about 127 million. The market capitalization for the company is about 35.01B on March 5, 2018.

    State-owned China Telecom Global has its sights set on expanding its data Centre business across the ‘One Belt, One Road’ region, after signing an agreement with UK data Centre owner Global Switch and Chinese data Centre operator Daily Tech. In the Financial Year 2017, the Operating Revenue stood at RMB 184118 million, as compared to RMB176828 million. EBITDA margin has decreased from 32.6% in 2016 to 31.6% in 2017. Earnings per share have increased from 0.144 RMB to 0.155 RMB and capital expenditure from RMB 40746 million to RMB 41117 million. The company now has assets of RMB 665491 million as compared to RMB 652368 million.


    Revenue (in Million $): 58917.76


    5. Vodafone

    Vodafone, which predominantly operates services in various countries of Asia, Africa, Europe, and Oceania, is a British multinational telecommunications company founded in year 1991.


    Image: flickr.com/photos/robertwebbe/

    Headquartered at London, this 26-year-old company owns networks in 26 countries and has partner networks in over 50 additional countries. Since making the first ever-mobile call on 1st January 1985 in UK, today the company has 500 million customers. The current market capitalization for the company as of April 03, 2018 is $73.83B. The company’s Global Enterprise division provides IT services and telecommunications to corporate clients in 150 countries. The company has primary listing on London Stock Exchange and secondary on NASDAQ. The company’s entry in the Internet of Things (IoT) consumer market was marked by the launch of “V by Vodafone”, hereby thus enabling consumers to connect millions of electronics and home products to the Group’s dedicated IoT network – the largest of its kind in the world.

    Frost & Sullivan’s Company of the Year award went to Vodafone for the second consecutive year for its considerable accomplishments in the European contact centers and cloud communications market. Factors like development of visionary scenarios based on in-depth understanding of mega trends; ability to address unmet market needs; superior customer purchase experience; strong financial performance; price/performance value and brand equity has contributed to the company’s success. Vodafone India has been ranked as one of the best companies to work for in India. It has also been ranked as 20th in the LinkedIn Top Attractors 2017 Award- the only telecom service provider to be featured.

    Revenue (in Million $): 66930


    4. Deutsche Telekom

    Headquartered at Bonn, Germany, Deutsche Telekom is a 22year old Denmark – originated German telecommunication company.


    Image: Wikimedia

    The company is driven with 14.5% of its stake with the German government and 17.4% with government bank KfW. The company is also a part of the Euro Stoxx 50 stock market index and the current market capitalization for the company as of March 09, 2018 is $77.66B. In Telecommunication industry, the company holds 9th rank in Fortune world’s most admired companies.

    When the former state-owned monopoly Deutsche Bundespost was privatized, the largest telecommunications provider (by revenue) in Europe, the Deutsche Telekom was formed. The company operates several subsidiaries worldwide, including T-Mobile- the mobile communications brand. The company owns substantial shares in other telecom companies, including Central European subsidiaries Magyar Telekom (Hungary), Slovak Telekom (Slovakia), Hellenic telecommunication operator OTE. Now the company has 156 m mobile, 18 m broadband and 29 m fixed- network customers thus paving the way for gigabit society. In the Financial Year 2017, the company earned revenue of 74.95 Billion Euros, Adjusted EBITDA stood at 22.45 billion euros, and free cash flow amounted to 5.5 billion euros and was up by 11.3% as compared to 2016. It has 218,341 employees worldwide (31st Dec. 2017 figures). The company was has received the national German Sustainability Award in the "large companies" category for  the year 2017 The company is also one of the 112 enterprises worldwide that made it into the Climate A list.

    Revenue (in Million $): 92184.810

    Net Income (in Million $): 6827.73


    3.  China Mobile

    China Mobile Communications Corporation, also known as China Mobile, is the world's largest mobile phone operator as of August 2017 with over 873 million subscribers.


    Image: Wikimedia

    China mobile is a Chinese state owned telecommunication corporation, which also operates China Mobile Hong Kong, a subsidiary mobile network in Hong Kong. The company purchased Paktel in Pakistan in 2007 and a year later launched Zong brand. The company is the largest mobile telecommunications corporation by market capitalization. It provides voice mobile and multimedia services through its nationwide mobile telecommunications network across Mai.

    Born from the 1999 break-up of China Telecom, China Mobile has its 70% ownership with China Mobile (HK) Group Limited and 30% with public investors.  China Mobile Communications Corporation (CMCC), a presumably government-owned holding company, owns 100 percent ownership of China Mobile (HK) Group Limited. China mobile historically has held a greater share of the rural market than it’s competitors. Having been listed on the NYSE and the Hong Kong stock exchanges, China Mobile holds 70% of the domestic market share in China with a penetration of 97% in China. It developed the China Mobile 13th Five-Year Plan for Network Information Security. With about  3 million+ mobile base stations, among which 1.79 million are 4G base stations, the company  covers 12 million kilometers of transmission cables. It has close to 1 billion customers globally. The IoT connection of the company reached to 200 million users across China.

    Revenue (in Million $): 117635.36

    Net Income (in Million $): 42812.30


    2. Verizon

    Based at 1095 Avenue of the Americas in Midtown Manhattan, New York City, yet fused in Delaware, Verizon is an American multinational telecommunication conglomerate.


    Image: flickr.com/photos/jjbers/

    It is also a corporate part of the Dow Jones Industrial Average. The company is dead-set on a digital  & mobile future and has been investing in next-generation 5G wireless technologies as well as the multitrillion-dollar Internet of things opportunities it enables. In the Financial Year 2017, the company earned total revenue of $126034 million and a Net income of $30101 million. The company ranks 14 in Fortune 500 companies ranking 2017.  In 2018, Verizon will be launching 5G residential services in up to five U.S. cities, starting with Sacramento, CA.

    When an antitrust suit, alleging anticompetitive practices, was filed against AT&T by the U.S. Department of Justice, AT&T divested itself of the 22 local phone companies thus forming up the Bell System. Responding to the same, AT&T relinquished control of the local telephone services, creating seven independent Regional Bell Operating Companies (RBOCs), also called “Baby Bells”. Bell Atlantic and NYNEX were two of them who in July 1995 merged to form Bell Atlantic Mobile, later known as Verizon Wireless. As of 2018, Verizon is one of three organizations that had their foundations in the previous Baby Bells, other two being Century Link and AT&T. The company is also a title sponsor of various performance and sports venues as well as a sponsor of several major sporting organizations like National Hockey league, Motorsports, National Football league.

    Revenue (in Million $): 126034

    Net Income (in Million $): 30101


    1. AT&T

    Headquartered at Whiteacre tower in Downtown Dallas, Texas, AT&T is the worlds leading telecom brand.


    Image: flickr.com/photos/jeepersmedia/

    American Telephone &Telegraph Company, is world leader in telecommunications, technology, and media and communications. In the Financial Year 2017, AT&T earned total revenue of $160,546 million and a Net income of $29,450 million. Being a Fortune 10 company, they have recorded 34 consecutive years of quarterly dividend growth. Begun as Southwestern Bell Telephone Company in the year 1983, it changed its name to SBC Communications Inc. in 1995. SBC acquired former parent AT&T Corporation and took on its branding, with the merged entity naming itself AT&T Inc. in 1995.

    AT&T Communications serves U.S. Consumers with broadband, video and voice services. AT&T International includes DIRECTV Latin America and AT&T Mexico. Being the country’s fastest-growing wireless business, At & T Mexico serves both businesses and consumers. And DIRECTV is a pay-tv leader in 11 countries and territories in the Caribbean and Latin America. It’s new advertising and analytics startup is leading the way to premium video advertising. AT&T also focuses on various corporate social responsibilities like It can wait: a letter to drivers, smart city agreement with Mexico City, the power of giving, At&T Aspire, Piedra, Tijera, Papel etc. The company is recognized as Socially Responsible by the Mexican Center for Philanthropy  and Alliance for CSR (AliaRSE). The company is also one of the Fortune 100 Best companies to work for 2018.

    Revenue (in Million $): 2160546

    Net Profit (in Million $): 29450


    Ranking Methodology

    Step 1: Top 20 telecom companies were shortlisted based on their revenues

    Step 2: 3 parameters Revenues & Profits were checked

    Step 3: Based on the rank of their revenues, ranking was done.


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    With the increase in customer demand, the business of consumer electronics companies has increased manifold in the last decade. There have been several fast advancements in technologies which have driven innovation in consumer electronics and have made them more affordable for people worldwide. Consumer electronics consists of a wide product range like smartphones, TVs, refrigerators, desktops, cameras, laptops, tablets etc. The top consumer electronics companies include Apple, Samsung, Microsoft followed by Dell, Sony, Panasonic, LG etc. Here is a list of the top 10 consumer electronics companies in the world 2018.


    Quick Glance :

    Below are the biggest and top consumer electronics Companies in World 2018:

    1st Place : Apple

    2nd Place : Samsung

    3rd Place : Microsoft

    4th Place : Dell

    5th Place : Sony

    6th Place : Panasonic

    7th Place : LG

    8th Place : HP

    9th Place : Toshiba

    10th Place : Fujitsu

    For More details about rankings and parameters, read on.


    10. Fujitsu

    Fujitsu is one of the leading consumer electronics and technology company in the world.


    Image: company website

    The company has a strong worldwide presence having business and offices spread over 100 countries, with close to 150,000 employees. The company has a over 75000+ patents which includes electronics items, servers, IT services etc. The company was established in 1935 and is headquartered in Tokyo in Japan. The company has been listed in the Tokyo Stock Exchange. Fujitsu has its major revenues from technology solutions like services and system platforms. Electronic components, device solutions, PCs, mobiles, laptops etc form the other share of revenues for the company. Electronics products by the company consist of products like

    -Telecommunications Equipment

    -Computers

    -Components

    -Solutions/Services

    30% of the global revenue for the company comes from countries outside Japan. Owing to its wide product range, Fujitsu is among the top consumer electronics companies in the world.

    Sales revenue (USD Bn)- 37.58


    9. Toshiba

    Toshiba was formed in 1939 because of a merger of Shibaura Seisakusho (Shibaura Engineering Works) and Tokyo Denki (Tokyo Electric).


    Image: company website

    Shibaura Seisakusho was Japan's first producer of equipment relating to telegraph. Later on Shibaura Seisakusho became a major producer of heavy electrical machinery as Japan modernized during the Meiji era and therefore became the world industrial power. Tokyo Denki was japan's early manufacturer of incandescent electric lamps. Soon the merger of these two companies became what we now know as Toshiba. A major acquisition of OCZ storage solutions in 2014 proved a major boost for the company. The deal was completed on January 21, 2014 at the time when the total assets of OCZ Technology now were a new independently-operated subsidiary of Toshiba named OCZ Storage Solutions. OCZ Technology solutions later changed the name to ZCO Liquidating Corporation. This company invests heavily in research and development. All these put together make it one of the top consumer electronics companies in the world. The security division of the company was also becoming innovative by unveiling some services for people that used its surveillance products. This again proved a major boost for the company and it struck profits very early because of this. This was in the year 2016 after the implementation. Also, in this year it is ready to start the construction of semiconductor plant in japan.

    Sales revenue (USD Bn)- 44.28


    8. HP

    This HP company was set up in a garage in Palo Alto by two people named William bill Redington Hewlett and David Packard.


    Image: pexels

    They initially produced few electronic test equipments for their initial clients. It was the world's leading pc manufacturer for around 7 years from starting from 2007, and later lenovo raced up against HP and took its place. The company majorly focused on services like computing devices, software, printers, software services etc during its tenure. The company also got into the consulting business about it’s products. The marketing of HP was mainly focused on medium sized business, imaging products etc and therefore the marketing was online distribution, retail supplies, and also partnering with small software manufacturers. HP is one of the largest and top consumer electronics companies globally. The main products are cameras, calculators, printers, computers, laptops, scanners. The services mainly include consulting and support to IT infrastructure.

    Sales revenue (USD Bn)- 52.05


    7. LG

    LG is a south-korean company MNC with a presence in over 80 countries across the globe.


    Image: flickr.com/photos/linsinchen/

    It was previously known as Rak-Hui chemical industrial corp which is actually pronounced as lucky when it was into the production of plastics. Goldstar produced radio for South Korea, and it also produced many other consumer electronics. Later the merger of Rak-Hui and goldstar came to be known as LG. this brand was in the initial years famous for soaps, toothpaste etc. then later on this dissolved and the company now is known for the consumer electronics business. In the chemical industry the cosmetics industry and the consumer electronics industry consistency in quality is a must and LG delivered this expectation and soon became the world’s renowned brand. Currently the company employs around 2200 staff members, and 84000 workforces in approximately 120 operations worldwide. A major problem this company faced was that it was largely a decentralized business and therefore the purchasing decisions were done by many small units and the purchases were duplicated. Therefore, the company recognized this problem of not taking advantage of economies in bulk purchase and instituted a centralized purchasing department wherever possible in the company. The matrix structure was established in the company to monitor the purchases. Soon, the profitability of the company was restored and it became one of the top three in the world in profitability in the consumer electronics segment.

    Sales revenue (USD Bn)- 57.71


    6. Panasonic

    The company was originally called as Matsushita Electric Industrial Co ltd and then later was renamed to Panasonic.


    Image: pexels

    This company has its feet in many varied products and services and it was initially producing bulb attachments and other electrical fittings. Later on, Panasonic delved into products like air conditioners, projectors, bicycles, electronic items, batteries, cameras etc. it got involved in the very profitable business of TV sets manufacturing and put in enough amount in research and development to produce cutting edge innovations. Panasonic has become one of the leading consumer electronics companies worldwide. Later on, it sold off this entire business segment and liquidated its stake in any subsidiary that it owned in this business. The company then took some sweeping acquisitions and mergers and partnerships which improved the stock position in the market. The partnership with Tesla motors in the battery production in the famous giga factory in the US and then the partnership with photon interactive and the acquisition of ITC global- a satellite communication provider and also the acquisition of an Indian company – fire pro systems which was in the business of infrastructure protection and security solutions. Panasonic also was involved in the sponsorship of the formula one team in the Toyota racing. Talking of it’s environmental records, it is ranked 11th place in the the greenspace’s guide to greener electronics. This actually ranks the producers of electronics based on the policies the company takes in the process of production and also the products of Panasonic are said to have long life.

    Sales revenue (USD Bn)- 69.03


    5. SONY

    Sony is one of the leading consumer electronics brand in the world, having a presence worldwide.


    Image: pixabay

    Sony Group is the parent company of Sony Corporation, which is the electronic business unit. It has subsidiaries like Sony Global Manufacturing and Operations Corporation (SGMO), Sony Semiconductor Manufacturing Corporation, Sony Storage Media and Devices Corporation among many others. It had forayed into multiple arenas like audio, computing, photography and videography; semiconductor and components, television and home cinema, mobile, accessories and smart devices; energy storage and cables. The parent company had a revenue of 68.35 billion US dollars for the financial year 2016-17 with the game, network and services segment earning around 14.73 billion U.S.D. It has been seeing high growth in this segment due to the strong performance of PlayStation with 186% surge and 346% surge in Q1, Q2 of 2017-18. It forecasts highest-ever profit this year by focusing on electronics and entertainment firm on image sensors and gaming. This is expected because of the restructuring drive in the unprofitable electronics businesses and building its stronghold on the smartphone segment with its image sensors. The company also focuses on its new products in TV segment with 4K technology. The company’s focus on high-quality products with a differentiated approach as Apple did made the company overturn its unprofitable segment to profitable segment leading to records profits of the parent company this year. The sales of the PS4 is expected to attain 80 million units this year (2017-18) and this segment will be the biggest contributor to the revenues with 24% of total revenue and 29% of the operating revenue.

    Sales revenue (USD Bn)- 77.04


    4. Dell

    Dell is an MNC of computer technology with headquarters in Texas, California.


    Image: pexels

    It is in design, development, maintenance and support of the computer products and provides the necessary service. It is one of the largest employers in the world with more than 1 lakh employee worldwide, and it has differentiated itself with “Build-To-Order” model and direct-sales model in the industry which helped it to create a targeted market. Its range of products vary from Personal Computers, Servers, peripherals, smartphones to televisions. Dell was just a hardware manufacturing company before acquiring Perot Systems after which it became an IT service provider and leading consumer electronics company. Dell was taken private through a leverage buyout before which it was a part in NASDAQ 100 and S&P 500. Dell EMC is the top market share holder in the server makers with 19.4% share. The organization is outstanding for its advancements in inventory network administration and electronic trade, especially its immediate deals model and its "Build-To-Order" or "configure to order" way to deal with assembling—conveying singular PCs arranged to client details. From its initial beginnings, Dell worked as a pioneer in the "configure to order" way to deal with assembling—conveying singular PCs designed to clients’ particulars. Interestingly, most PC producers in those circumstances conveyed expansive requests to intermediaries on a quarterly basis. To limit the postponement amongst buy and conveyance, Dell has a general approach of assembling its items near its clients. This additionally takes into consideration executing a with a Just-In-Time (JIT) fabricating approach, which limits stock expenses. Low stock is another mark of the Dell plan of action—a basic thought in an industry where parts deteriorate quickly.

    Sales revenue (USD Bn)- 78.7


    3. Microsoft

    Microsoft was founded by Bill Gates and Paul Allen on April 4, 1975.


    Image: pixabay

    At a point in time Microsoft was the world’s largest software maker measured in terms of revenues and it is also the most valuable company. The company invests a lot in research and development and this is shown in the continuous product updates and product development over the years. It launched the Microsoft windows and then later with commoditization of the MS office and the later standardization it benefitted immensely because the consumers of the MS office found it very useful and easy to use software. Therefore, it gained wide popularity as a top consumer electronics company in the world. The cloud business solutions and the software solutions support it provides to its users is again a leverage point on which it capitalized over the years and milked profits from this segment. It focused on innovation and differentiating with the help of new products from time to time. Network effects is what is proving to be the biggest advantage for this company. Since many people are using windows, the company gained a unique market share and customer’s pocket and mind that the competition is actually only almost with Apple & Samsung- it’s closest rival in the industry.

    Sales revenue (USD Bn)- 89.95


    2. Samsung

    Samsung is a South-Korean company founded in 1938 but was actually meant to be a trading company.


    Image: pixabay

    Now, it has many subsidiaries across the globe and is one of the biggest in terms of sales of the phones and smartphones across the globe. The marketing of the company is the best across the globe in terms of what is considered as the phones segment. The acquisition of Hanguk Jeonja Tongsan- a telecommunications giant proved to be a strategic decision in its growth. This company is also into fire and marine insurance, life insurance, heavy industries. The major landmark reached by this company was when it became the biggest producer of microchips instead of outsourcing it to others. Later it produced the first Liquid Crystal Display screen and this revolutionized the television segment across the globe. It gained popularity from this step and innovation, and became one of the leading consumer electronics brands. From then on the product development was given much more importance and later very sleek models of television sets were released by the company. This is one company that relied only on innovation and research and became a global player.

    Sales revenue (USD Bn)- 211.8


    1. Apple

    Apple's revenue for an year across the globe was in cumulation approximately $229 billion in 2017.


    Image: pixabay

    Brand loyalty is the main perk for this company which it attained through constant delivery of quality over the years and so also it has been consistently ranked as the world's most valuable brand. Apple has taken the world of consumer electronics by storm with its flagship products iPhone, iPad, Mac etc. 2017 saw the launch of iPhone X, which had some of the most innovative features when compared to premium smartphone brands. It was formed on April 1, 1976, by Steve Jobs, Steve Wozniak and Ronald Wayne. The first product that the company gave to the world was the Apple 1. This was a computer that was designed and produced by Wozniak. It was introduced to the world at the famous Homebrew computer club. The Apple was sold for 2867$. Later on this company grew from few partnerships with Microsoft and also by introducing products with innovation and best design on the market. Products like iPad, iPhone, iPod etc were an instant success given the brand equity and consumer friendly design of the products and software in these products.

    Sales revenue (USD Bn)- 353.1


    Rank Methodology:

    1. The top 15 consumer electronics companies are considered

    2. The latest revenues are considered for each company

    3. The final rank is evaluated on the basis of annual revenues


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    Over the last few decades, India has become the global hub for information technology (IT) sector in the world. Even though the IT sector is still one of the biggest recruiters, there has been a constant stress with the advancements and innovations worldwide. The Indian IT sector employs more than 40 lakh people and is a $150+ billion industry. These top indian IT companies provide solutions to various industries across the globe like manufacturing, retail, government agencies, banking etc. Some of the top IT companies in India are TCS, Infosys, Tech Mahindra, Wipro followed by HCL, L&T, Mindtree etc. Here is the list of the top 10 IT companies in India 2018 based on revenues.


    Quick Glance:

    Below are the top IT Companies in India 2018:

    1st Place : TCS

    2nd Place : Infosys

    3rd Place : Wipro

    4th Place : HCL Technologies

    5th Place : Tech Mahindra

    6th Place : L&T Infotech

    7th Place : Oracle Financial Services

    8th Place : Mindtree

    9th Place : Mphasis

    10th Place : Rolta India

    For more details about rankings and parameters, read on.


    Top IT Companies in India 2018 with Ranking Parameters (Revenue):


    10 Rolta India

    Rolta is one of the leading information technology companies based out of India.


    Image: company website

    Established in 1989 and headquartered in India, the company’s core strength lies in developing customized innovative solutions to its clients including many vertical segments. It also provides solutions for Governments, Defense agencies, banking services, retail, healthcare etc. The company received BS ISO/IEC 27001:2005 certification in the year 2006. The company believes in organic growth and building a healthy long-lasting relationship along with strategic alliances with its clients. Rolta has expertise in many fields which impacts businesses globally and have expertise to help clients. The company has consistently been among the top information technology companies in India. They optimize their project right from the start of the project until the execution including the assessment of cloud, data-center businesses etc, through the implementation of exhaustive solutions. The company had a total revenue of INR 1581 crores in the last four quarters and employees over 2700 employees.


    Net Sales (Crs)= Rs1581

    Employee Strength: 2700


    9. Oracle Financial Services

    Formerly known as i-Flex Solutions, Oracle Financial Services is the IT counterpart of Oracle Corporation to the banking industry.


    Image: flickr.com/photos/chatani/

    It is a major part of Oracle Financial Services Global Business Unit. It provides financial services cloud solutions like Digital Innovation Platform, Engaged Bank and Financial Services API Economy. The company claims to have a customer base of 900+ clients in close to 150 nations worldwide. The company focuses on industry segments like Banking, Insurance and Capital Markets. Financial Services Next.0 is their flagship product and help clients in implementing Information Technology platforms with their business models. It also has several products for Internal Capital adequacy assessment, commodity trading compliance, enterprise performance management system etc. Over the years, Oracle Financial Services has been among the top IT companies in India. As part of its rebranding in 2008, the company’s website was merged with Oracle’s and the divisions and services were aligned with that of Oracle. The company employees a little over 8000 people and has had a revenue of INR 3,795 crores over the last four quarters.


    Net Sales (Crs)= Rs3795

    Employee Strength: 8818



    8. Mphasis


    The merger between Mphasis Corporation and BFL software limited in 2000 formed Mphasis.


    Image: company website

    Since inception, they have a reputation of providing seamless services to their customers and provides a superior value to the customer’s value chain. Headquartered in Bengaluru, the company has constantly focused on innovation and client serving to offer best in class services. The company has received several awards and recognitions not only at company level but the management too has been recognized for their contribution to the industry. The company has chosen some vertical segments where they have high end expertise such as banking. In 2012, they concentrated primarily on sales, marketing, and building long term bonds with their business partners. The company has a workforce of approx. 22,000 employees and had a total revenue of INR 3,179 crores over the last four quarters.


    Net Sales (Crs)= Rs3179

    Employee Strength: 21994



    7. Mindtree


    Since its inception in 1999, Mindtree has become a renowned company in the Indian IT sector.


    Image: company website

    The company delivers digital transformation and technology related solutions to its customers. The services are clients industry specific and hence is an important contributor in accelerating the growth of their clients. Collaborative spirit, expert thinking and unrelenting dedication form the core values of the company. The company lays emphasis on the gender diversity with roughly 30% inclusion of women in its workforce. The company also presence in community work as well. The Mindtree foundation works for improving the living conditions for people with disabilities and enhanced primary education. It also has several association with NGOs across the globe. The company clientele includes technological big giants like Microsoft, Oracle, IBM, HP etc. Owing to its expertise, the company has been one of the performers in top IT companies in India. They provide end-to-end detailed solutions in the fields of analytics, social media intelligence etc.  The company recently received the 2016 Azure innovation partner of the year by Microsoft. The company serves a wide range of verticals from banking, health to manufacturing and education.  The company had a total revue of INR 5,046 crores and an employee strength of 16,500 employees.


    Net Sales (Crs)= Rs5046

    Employee Strength: 16470



    6. L&T Infotech (LTI)


    A subsidiary of Larsen and Turbo and established in 1997, L&T Infotech operates in over 23 countries.


    Image: company website

    They provide innovative IT services to their clients in order to accelerate their business and enhance the customer’s experience. The company has more than 250 clients worldwide and it was awarded top performer in global corporate social responsibility in the 2016 Global Outsourcing 100. The company employs standards of Capability Maturity Model Integration (CMMI) and is a maturity level five organisation. Sanjay Jalona is the current MD and CEO of the company. Quality is one of the key factors to the company’s success and they constantly update and benchmark their process against the best in the world. The company was recently ranked amongst super 50 in Dalal Street Journal in March 2017. It was also named one of The Star Performers and Major Contenders in Everest group’s PEAK Matrix Assessment 2015. However, in 2016 the company faced a lot of revolt and protests for revoking the offer letter of roughly 1500 recruits after a waiting period of 18 months. L&T Infotech has been one of the top information technology companies in India. It recently acquired AugmentIQ Data Sciences Pvt Ltd in October 2016 to improve its capabilities in the field of Big Data, Analytics and Internet of Things (IoT) solutions. The company had a total revenue of INR 6,614 crores over the last four quarters


    Net Sales (Crs)= Rs6614

    Employee Strength: 22000



    5. HCL Technologies


    HCL Technologies is part of the HCL group which was founded in 1976 by Mr. Shiv Nadar.


    Image: company website

    The conglomerate generated a revenue of more than INR 21,000 crores over the last four quarters. The company has a strong workforce of 117,000+ employees and is headquartered in Noida and has offices in more than 30 nations including USA, France, Germany and United Kingdom. The company provides services like Analytics, Cybersecurity amongst many others. It operates across different sectors like consumer electronics, automotive, industrial manufacturing, aerospace, banking and many more. The company practices a culture of maintaining relationships beyond the contract with their clients. They have done businesses with banks like Deutsche, tech companies like HP and many more global enterprises. The company is renowned for its ability to deliver high value to their clients business. The company recently acquired United Kingdom based ETL Factory Limited to improves its prowess in automation. Power of One, HCL’s employee-driven community initiative aims at conducting transformational social projects and activities. Exaple of this being Project Samudhay, where it adopted 100 villages and improved facilities like water, women welfare, education, health and sanitation in those places. HCL is amongst the top 20 largest companies in India with a market cap of a little over $18 billion USD. The company along with its subsidiaries had a revenue of $7.4 billion.


    Net Sales (Crs)= Rs21476

    Employee Strength: 117781



    4. Wipro


    Wipro was initially setup as Western India Vegetable Products Limited at 1945 by Mr. Azim Premji.


    Image: flickr.com/photos/exchange_platform/

    Wipro demerged its non-IT business into separate entities and shifted its focus on independent businesses, and currently the company has over 160,000+ people employed across 6 continents. Wipro offers a diverse portfolio of services coupled along with their business expertise to help the clients deploy and use IT strategically to meet their business objectives. It was the first Indian software technology and services company to achieve the ISO 4001 certification in 2002. In 2014, Wipro signed a 10-year contract with ATCO in energy dealings. Mr. Abidali Z. Neemuchwala is the current CEO of Wipro. The company has a number of key focus areas like machine learning, Data Sciences and analytics and is currently investing heavily in block chain technologies. Wipro has been a top performers and hence it among the top IT companies in India. The company was positioned 1st in 2010 Asian sustainability Rating and was recognized as the most ethical companies in the world in March, 2017. The Company has a total revenue of INR 44,902 crores in last four quarters


    Net Sales (Crs)= Rs44902

    Employee Strength: 166790



    3. Tech Mahindra


    Tech Mahindra is a part of Mahindra group, which is one of the most reputed organizations in India.


    Image: company website

    The global IT giant aims at building a sustainable competitive advantage for their clients, and it has a workforce of 110,000+ people across 90 countries. The company was ranked among the top in the Indian IT services and globally in the Fortune India 500. The company helps clients all over the world transform their businesses to a more integrated and connected one by offering customer-centric and innovative technological expertise. Their core strength lies in technologies fulfilling customer requirements to the fullest, omni-channel distribution and smart solutions in various sectors using AI and machine learning.  C P Gurnani, the current CEO of Tech Mahindra, has various digital initiatives to position the company in the digital domain. The company’s forte lies in the areas of Health and Education. They acquired 31% stake in the Satyam computers in 2012. The company has also sponsored several global events including the soccer worldcup and other international events. Recently, they recently signed the agreement to acquire US based healthcare company, CJS Solutions LLC.  The Company had a total revenue of 23,562 crores in last four quarters.


    Net Sales (Crs)= Rs23562

    Employee Strength: 117225



    2. Infosys


    Infosys is a household name of Information Technology space with workforce of over 200,000 people in different countries.


    Image: company website

    The company has around 50 offices worldwide and large number of delivery centres at various strategic locations across the world. Infosys was the first Indian IT company to be listed in NASDAQ and grown on from strength to strength. Infosys has been a consistent performer in the sector and has always been among the top IT companies in India. It is also CPMM Level 5 certified in 1999. Infosys Foundation work in the areas of education, health and many more. The company invests heavily in research and development of Next Gen technology solutions. Finacle a leading core banking product from Infosys gathered a lot of traction which later became a part of EdgeVerve Systems Ltd. The company is currently investing a lot in niche technologies like Big Data analysis and blockchain. The Company has a total revenue of INR 60,878 crores in last four quarters and taskforce of over 200,000 employees.


    Net Sales (Crs)= Rs60878

    Employee Strength: 200364



    1. TCS


    TCS has become the first Indian IT company to have a market capitalization of 100 billion dollars.


    Image: company website

    The largest IT giant of India was established in 1968 and it is a wholly owned subsidiary of TATA group, and JRD Tata was the first chairman of the company. TCS generates roughly 70% of the revenue for Tata Sons, and is one of the global leaders in the sector. It was ranked among the top in Forbes most innovative company in the world. It is ranked 10th in Forbes India 500 list. A number of joint research and development projects are also being done by TCS, the latest one being the development of a smart watch by partnering with SATS. TCS has close to 400,000+ employees, which is one of the highest in the world. The company is the largest IT recruiter in India consistently over the last decade. It has set up the largest corporate learning centre which can train as much as 50,000 graduates at Trivandrum, Kerala.  TCS and its 67 subsidiaries provide a wide-range of technology-related products and services for both the government bodies and private enterprises as well. The close to 400,000 employees of the company employees have been a constant source of drive for the company. It has 289 offices across 46 countries and 147 delivery centres in 21 countries. It also has 19 innovation labs in three countries and has partnership with leading institutes like IITs, Stanford, MIT, CMU etc. The Company has a total revenue of INR 95,192 crores in last four quarters


    Net Sales (Crs)= Rs95192

    Employee Strength: 390880


    Ranking Methodology:

    1. The leading & top IT companies in India are considered

    2. Parameters like net sales and number of employees in the organization are considered

    3. The final ranks are evaluated based on the revenues.


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    Banks have been playing a very pivotal role in the people’s loves. The money, its circulation, security, and management are preserved by the banks in each country. Banks are the backbone of the national economies and collectively, they decide the global economy. The Chinese and American Banks have mostly stuck to the positions for a considerable period of time. Other countries like France, Japan, United Kingdom, etc. have fought to reach the list of top 10 of Banks in the world. Some of the top banks in the world are dominated by Chinese banks like ICBC, China Construction Bank, Agriculture Bank of China followed by JP Morgan, HSBC, Bank of China etc. Retail and Personal Banking, Corporate Banking, Asset Management, Loans, Investment Banking, etc. are the major functions of the banks and holding groups. The banks have revolutionized the way they reach and provide services to the customers. Here is a list of top 10 banks in the world 2018 based on revenue, net assets and income.


    Quick Glance:

    Below are the top Banks in World 2018:

    1st Place : ICBC

    2nd Place : China Construction Bank

    3rd Place : Agricultural Bank of China

    4th Place : Bank of China

    5th Place : HSBC

    6th Place : JP Morgan Chase

    7th Place : HSBC

    8th Place : BNP Paribas

    9th Place : Bank of America

    10th Place : Wells Fargo

    For more details about rankings and parameters, read on.


    Top Banks in World 2018 with Ranking Parameters (Revenue, Income & Net Assets):


    10. Wells Fargo & Company

    Wells Fargo & Company is an American company headquartered at San Francisco, California.


    Image: flickr.com/photos/22711505@N05/

    The company has central offices throughout the country and has given customers access to its many offices across geographies. The bank enjoys the status of the second largest bank in the world by market capitalization as well as the third largest bank by total assets in United States. The financial services of the bank include products such as corporate banking, consumer finance, equities trading, investment banking, retail brokerage, risk management, wealth management, private banking, mortgage loans, currency exchange, credit cards, consumer finance, foreign exchange trading and many more. The bank employs around 270 thousand employees worldwide. The back-offices of Wells Fargo in India and Philippines have more than 3000 people in staff. The bank has offices in London, Dubai, Hong Kong, Singapore, Tokyo and Toronto. Wells Fargo is a top banker for the gun-makers in US and Nation Rifle Association. However, this affiliation of the bank has aroused many controversies.  Wells Fargo Rail is a division of the original Wells Fargo & Company which was bought from GE Capital Rail Services. The Wealth and Investment Management business run under the subsidiaries called Wells Fargo Investments, LLC and Wells Fargo Advisors, LLC. Wells Fargo Securities is another business of investment banking which is headquartered at Charlotte, North Carolina, United States. Artistic interests of banks reflect into their museums. The bank operates nearly 13 museums most known as a Wells Fargo History Museum. During the great recession, Wells Fargo obtained $25 billion as Emergency Economic Stabilization Fund where US Treasury purchased preferred stocks.

    Revenue (in Billions of USD): 48.71

    Net Profit (in Billions of USD): 12.07

    Assets (in Billions of USD): 1933.01


    9. Bank of America

    Bank of America has headquarters in Charlotte, North Carolina.


    Image: flickr.com/photos/wonderlane/

    It is the second largest bank in the United States by Assets which has a strong customer base. Bank of America is a multinational bank with a presence in United States of America, Canada, Asia Pacific, Europe, Middle East, Africa and Latin America. The bank also has 9% stake in the China Construction Bank with almost 3 billion USD value. The bank is also famous by its name “BofA”. The bank was ranked 11 by Forbes Magazine Global 2000 in 2016. The bank holds almost one-tenth of the total deposit in America which makes it one of the “Big Four” Banks of United States. The firm operates in all the states as well as other 40 countries in the world. It serves more than 45 million customers worldwide and has more than 4,500 banking centers enabling relations with many small and big businesses. With more than 15,000 ATMs globally, the bank has highly penetrated the network.  Services and products like Corporate banking, insurance, wealth management, mortgage loans, private banking, etc. can be availed from the bank. The firm has two prime divisions, Bank of America Home Loans and Bank of America Merrill Lynch with three subsidiaries, viz., Merrill Lynch, Merrill Edge and U.S. Trust. Capital ratio is maintained at 11.8% by the firm. The firm also involves itself into philanthropic economic activities as a part of its Civil and Social Service Responsibility. The United States workforce has more than 50% women working in the bank, even in high positions, the ration is nearly 50%.

    Revenue (in Billions of USD): 87.34

    Net Profit (in Billions of USD): 18.23

    Assets (in Billions of USD): 2281.23


    8. BNP Paribas

    BNP Paribas is a French Multinational Banking Group with its presence in more than 70 countries in the world.


    Image: flickr.com/photos/130182733@N03/

    The bank came into existence with the merger of Banque de Nationale de Paris and Banque de Paris et De Pay-Bas in 2000. Being one of the three big French banks, which also include Société Générale and Le Credit Lyonnais are other two French banks, BNP Paribas is serving more than 30 million customers in three main domestic markets of Belgium, France, and Italy. The bank has brands like BNL and Fortis. In the Western United States, the bank operates under the brand name of Bank of West. Consumer Banking, Corporate Banking, Asset Management, Investment Banking, Credit card Services, etc. are the services provided by BNP Paribas. BNP Paribas has managed to gain the position of the largest bank in the Eurozone and in the world by its value of total assets. In 2015, the bank has outstanding deposits and loans as 600.3 billion USD and 682.5 billion USD respectively with the highest revenue generated from its European operations. The BNP Paribas became the world’s fifth largest bank just after the Global Financial Crisis in 2008. In October 2008, the bank looked after the 75% activities of the Fortis Bank of Belgium and 66% in Luxemburg. The personal banking services are offered in more than 7,000 branches of the bank with providing the employment to 1,90,000 people globally. 9.3 million Euros have been allocated by the bank for the renewable energy sector in 2016 and it is committed to raising 6 million Euros more to it.

    Revenue (in Billions of USD): 53.28

    Net Profit (in Billions of USD): 9.30

    Assets (in Billions of USD): 2420.05


    7. HSBC

    Formed by the initials, Hong Kong and Shanghai Banking Corporation was established in British Hong Kong earlier.


    Image: flickr.com/photos/fufuwolf/

    After some time, it was acquired by its British parent company, HSBC Holding Plc, and the bank is headquartered in London, United Kingdom in HSBC tower. Retail banking, wealth management, finance, insurance, credit card services, investment banking, corporate banking, etc. are the banking services provided by HSBC. Scotsman Sir Thomas had founded the bank in 1865 due to British colonization in Hong Kong during that period. The bank has acquired Marine Midland Bank based in United States of America, Banco Bamerindus and Roberts SA de Inversions of Argentina in the 20th century. It after, acquired Republic National Bank of New York at the end. Leaving some part of South Africa, the bank has it presence in all over the world including Asia, Europe, America, Australia and Latin America. Global product lines like HSBC Direct, HSBCnet, HSBC Advance and HSBC Premier are present which offer field-related services. For example, HSBC is direct online telephone banking operation for mortgage and other commercial purposes. The bank has overall 2,30,000 employees globally with positive variance in revenue, net profit, assets, equity and growth from last year. Talking about HSBC Sustainable Financial Highlights, the group was listed to be ranked first for the climate change initiative, SRI and sustainable research by institutional investors in Extel Survey. Moreover, it partnered with Cambridge Institute for sustainability leadership Banking Environment Initiative. Famous HSBC Water program which has committed 150 million USD over the period of eight years to be completed in 2019.

    Revenue (in Billions of USD): 63.78

    Net Profit (in Billions of USD): 11.88

    Assets (in Billions of USD): 2521.77


    6. JPMorgan Chase

    JPMorgan Chase & Co. is basically an investment bank company.


    Image: flickr.com/photos/bensutherland/

    The firm also provides the services such as Asset Allocation, Debt Resolution, Credit Derivative trading and services, foreign currency exchange, futures, and options trading etc. JP Morgan is also a leader in Money Market trading, Risk Management, Mortgage-backed securities, Retail and Prime Brokerage, etc types of financial services. The firm has maintained a capital ratio of 15.2% until last year. Till last year, it was one of the largest asset management companies in the world. JPMorgan Chase also carries the second position in the United States with its hedge fund unit. The JPMorgan Brand was traditionally known as “Morgan”. The bank formed when two firms were merged namely Chase Manhattan Corporation and J.P. Morgan and Co. The Corporation also consisted of a Chemical Bank Corporation and Bank One Corporation. The company is headquartered in New York City. The bank had gone through a number of mergers and acquisitions to land such a big position. The firm has around 2,50,000 employees worldwide currently. The company has strategic interests in the services like Consumer & Community Banking, Corporate & Investment Banking, Commercial Banking and Asset & Wealth Management. The bank has won the Best Banking Performer in the United States of America given by Global Brands Awards Magazine in 2016. Surprisingly, the Bank collects the Art, too. After the collection began in 1959, the bank has currently acquired 6,000 graphics based and 30,000 based art pieces. The heavy and successful finance banking company has met with many trading losses and other cases.

    Revenue (in Billions of USD): 99.62

    Net Profit (in Billions of USD): 24.44

    Assets (in Billions of USD): 2533.59


    5. Mitsubishi UFJ Financial Group

    Mitsubishi UFJ Financial Group is headquartered in Tokyo of Japan.


    Image: flickr.com/photos/ando_yo/

    The company provides banking as well as other financial services, and it was listed as a 5th bank by assets globally. Not surprisingly, it is the largest holding group in Japan which holds around 1.8 trillion USD worth of deposits. The company was created as a result of the merger of Mitsubishi Tokyo Financial Group and UFJ Holdings based at Tokyo and Osaka respectively. The bank focuses on the services like Corporate Banking, Personal Banking, Investment Management and Banking, Mortgage and Credit Card Services, etc. The six subsidiaries of the firm include Mitsubishi UFJ Trust and Banking Corporation, The Bank of Tokyo-Mitsubishi UFJ, Mitsubishi UFJ Securities, UnionBanCal Corporation, Mitsubishi UFJ NICOS and Mitsubishi UFJ Lease and Finance. With over 100,000 employees in Japan, the bank is growing in all aspects of net profit, revenue as well as the assets. The major shareholders of the bank are Japan Trustee Services Bank, The Master Trust Bank of Japan, Nippon Life Insurance Company, Toyota Motor Corporation and other small shareholders. The bank has special Civil and Social Service Responsibility Committee which looks after the CSR and sustainability activities. In the field of Environment, the bank is considered to be ranked first in the renewable energy sector which handled the highest value of related project finances. Carbon Dioxide emissions are not given opportunities to increase, the bank ensures that environment-friendly projects are financed. Over 3,000 employees are on children leave in the MUFJ Group. The ratio of female manager is also rising an an impressive rate.

    Revenue (in Billions of USD): 42.68

    Net Profit (in Billions of USD): 8.14

    Assets (in Billions of USD): 2913.90


    4. Bank of China

    Bank of China is one of the “Big Four” Banks of China and owned by the Government of China.


    Image: company website

    The bank provides the services like credit cards, corporate banking, consumer banking, securities, asset management, mortgage loans, private banking, finance and insurance, wealth management, etc. In 2009, by market capitalization value, the bank was ranked fifth globally. At the same time, it was China’s second largest lender bank as well. Forbes Global 2000 ranked it one of the largest company in the world. Other than Mainland of China, the bank has branches in 27 different countries and areas, i.e., Malaysia, South Africa, Vietnam, Philippines, Taiwan, Bahrain, etc. The foundation dates back in 1912 by the republican government which is also the oldest bank in the mainland of China. The Bank of China has two legally separate subsidiaries- Bank of China (Hong Kong) and Bank of China (Canada). Though the bank has operations outside China, but it accounts for only less than 4% of the activity of the bank by both profits whereas Mainland China accounts for more than 50% of the bank by profits and 75% by assets as in 2005. China Central Huijin which is an investment arm of the government of the People’s Republic of China holds 64.63% of shares in the Bank of China. Other ordinary shareholders are HKSCC Nominees Ltd.  and China Securities Finance which hold 27.78% and 2.9% shares respectively. Preference share owners are the Bank of New York Mellon, China Mobile Communications, China National Tobacco Corporation and Zhongwei Real Estate with having 39.96%, 18.01%, 5.00% and 3.00% respectively. There are around 310 thousand employees of Bank of China working globally.

    Revenue (in Billions of USD): 77.15

    Net Profit (in Billions of USD): 29.5

    Assets (in Billions of USD): 3104.84


    3. Agricultural Bank of China

    Agricultura Bank of China which is also known as “ABC” (acronym) or “AgBank”.


    Image: Wikimedia

    The bank is a part of the “Big Four” banks of the Republic of China. The bank has around 320 million retail customers and over 2.5 million of corporate clients which makes it one of the biggest banks in the world and it is operated in nearly 24,000 branches worldwide. The bank’s initial public offering is known to fetch the largest amount of funding followed by Alibaba. The bank was founded in 1951 and has headquarters in Beijing, China. The Agricultural Bank of China was formed as a merger of the Republic of China, Farmers Bank of China and Cooperation Bank of China. The agricultural banks were absorbed in the government for two times. It was restructured as to be Agricultural Bank of China and created a holding company. The bank is listed on both “Shanghai Stock Exchange” as well as “Hong Kong Stock Exchange”. The main owners of the bank include Central Huijin Investment, Ministry of Finance of the Republic of China, National Social Security Fund and China Securities Finance whereas the first two has around 80% of the ownership combined. The rest two have nearly 5% stakes in the shares. Being the public company, other shares are available to the public. The bank houses the total of 5,00,000 employees in the world. Bank provides many products and services like Finance and Insurance, Consumer Banking, Corporate Banking, Investment Banking, Investment Management, Global Wealth Management, Private Equity, Mortgages and Credit Card facilities.

    Revenue (in Billions of USD): 86.59

    Net Profit (in Billions of USD): 30.80

    Assets (in Billions of USD): 3357.80


    2. China Construction Bank

    When it comes to China, it has four large banks that have also fought for the positions in the top ten list of the world’s largest banks.


    Image: Wikimedia

    China Construction Bank is one of those banks in the “People’s Republic of China”. The bank has around 14,000 branches in China & it has international branches in more than 15 main cities of different countries worldwide, viz, New York, London, Barcelona, Singapore, Tokyo, etc. The bank is originally owned by the Government of China as a part of Ministry of Finance with over 4 hundred thousand employees. Due to separation procedure is undertaken by China Construction Bank being the predecessor bank, China Construction Bank Corporation was created as a joint-stock commercial bank in September 2004 as under the PRC Company Law of China. Bank of America started with almost around 95% of stake in the bank which now has reached billion 7.3 USD worth of shares. The bank was founded as the People’s construction bank of China which later changed its name. China Construction Corporation Bank investment division had launched a 0.7 billion USD fund called China Healthcare Investment Fund which aimed to focus on investments in China’s rapidly growing healthcare sector. The bank abides by the principles of sustainability by Economic development, Environmental protection by providing green loans and social development. Commitment to serving the real economy and actively supporting the national development strategy. The bank continued to follow and analyze the prospective business opportunities brought by the system of Five-Year plan implementation.

    Revenue (in Billions of USD): 94.73

    Net Profit (in Billions of USD): 38.85

    Assets (in Billions of USD): 3528.61


    1. ICBC

    The Industrial and Commercial Bank of China which also commonly famous as “ICBC”.


    Image: Wikimedia

    The company is headquartered in the capital city, Beijing, China, and it is one of the biggest state-owned commercial banks of Republic of China, mainly noted as the “Big Four”. It ranked first in the Bankers’ Top 1000 and Forbes Global 2000 list of public companies in the world. Initially, the bank was a local state-run bank established in 1984. The bank provides the services such as Finance and Insurance, Consumer Banking, Corporate Banking, Investment Banking, Investment Banking, Global Wealth Management, private equity, etc. Most of the voting rights are held by the Government of China through Central Huijin Investment, Ministry of Finance and China Securities Finance. Other holders are Temasek holdings and NSSF. The company provides employment to 4,62,000 employees. Industrial and Commercial Bank of China raised around 14 billion USD in Hong Kong Stock Exchange and 5.1 billion USD in Shanghai Stock Exchange. The bank has acquired major stakes in the banks like the Standard Bank of Argentina. Majorly, the banks have provided loans to the industries like manufacturing, transportation, storage, Power and Gas, Property Development, Construction, etc. The bank follows the international standards of Environmental and Social for Financial Institutions. It is the first Chinese bank to adopt the Equator Principles. The bank follows the Six-Dimension model for CSR activities. The model covers the values such as Green Bank, Brand Builder, Value Creator, Creditworthy Bank, Harmonious Bank and Charity Bank.

    Revenue (in Billions of USD): 107.76

    Net Profit (in Billions of USD): 45.85

    Assets (in Billions of USD): 4160.60


    Ranking Methodology:

    1. The top 20 banks in the world are considered for the ranking

    2. Parameters like revenues, net profits and assets are considered and are given weightages of 0.5, 0.2 and 0.3 respectively

    3. A consolidated score is calculated and the final ranks are evaluated.




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    Apparel industries require continuous innovation in terms of its design and also in lines with the current fashion. The top Apparel companies compete on providing new and fashionable collection of apparels to survive in the industry. Many brands have ventured into the online markets aside from its retail stores to increase its customer base. Top Apparel Brands list consists of Christian Dior, Louis Vuitton, Nike, Zara, H&M which among the most popular and valuable brands across the continents. Here is the list of top 10 apparel brands in the world 2018.


    Quick Glance:

    Below are the top 10 apparel brands in world 2018:

    1st Place : Christian Dior

    2nd Place : Louis Vuitton

    3rd Place : Nike

    4th Place : Zara

    5th Place : Adidas

    6th Place : H&M

    7th Place : GAP

    8th Place : UNIQLO

    9th Place : Ralph Lauren

    10th Place : Hermès

    For more details about rankings and parameters, read on.


    Top Apparel Brands in World 2018 with Ranking Parameters (Profit, Sales):


    10. Hermes

    Hermes is French based international company which sells leather, perfumes, lifestyle accessories, jewelry, ready to wear, watches and home furnishings.


    Image: Wikimedia

    The company was founded by Thierry Hermès in the year 1837, and it believes in providing high quality and unique products to its customers, hence all the products are handmade and manufactured with utmost care and supervision. The company uses traditional business model wherein each product is manufactured by a single person and does not use assembly lines for mass production. The company has its own designers and craftsman who provide unique and valuable collections. Hermes is one of the rare companies in the world who adopts traditional ways of production and is the most recognized brands in the world. Hermes has a large customer base due to its high quality premium products. All the products of Hermes exhibit exquisite workmanship. Ready to wear segment of Hermes is the second largest sector of Hermes which provides huge sales for the company. In 2015 the company unveiled its first autumn-winter collection. The spring-summer collection has a complete range of clothing with vivid and bright colors. The shoes designed by Pierre Hardy for men and women were a huge success for the company. In 2015 Hermes made partnership with Apple to launch its first Apple Watch Hermes. The current CEO of the company is Axel Dumas.


    Profit (in million $): 1171.81

    Sales (in million $): 5520.75


    9. Ralph Lauren

    Designer Ralph Lauren founded this brand in the year 1967 which has gone to become global brand.


    Image: flickr.com/photos/ferlinka/

    Headquartered in New York city, Ralph Lauren is among the top leading apparel brands in the world, which offers a variety of apparels and accessories across the world for men, women and children. Ralph Lauren Home and Paint supplies a complete range of home furniture and accessories. The company also manufactures fragrances for men and women under the brand Ralph Lauren fragrances.  Ralph Lauren has some of the most recognized brands in the world such as Purple Label, Ralph Lauren Collection, Double RL, Polo Ralph Lauren, RLX, American Living, Chaps and Club Monaco. The most notable brand is Polo Ralph Lauren which caters to full range of clothing for men. Women’s Polo was launched in 2014 to provide apparels for women.  The company own 493 stores across the world. Ralph Lauren has been the official sponsor of Wimbledon, US Open, US Olympic and Golf Championships. Ralph Lauren is famous for its luxury and fashionable apparels in the fashion industry worldwide.  It provides exclusive range of apparels with classy designs each year. In 2017 the company's revenue totaled at 6.65 billion US dollars. Patrice Louvet is the current CEO and president of the Ralph Lauren Corporation.


    Profit (in million $): -99.3

    Sales (in million $): 6652.8


    8) UNIQLO

    UNIQLO is the largest retail store famous for its casual wear for men, women and children across the continents.


    Image: pxhere

    Based in Tokyo, Japan, this company was founded by Yamaguchi in 1949, and as its name suggests, the company was started with the aim to provide unique clothing to its customers. Uniqlo is a subsidiary of Fast Retailing Co Ltd, and the company has outsourced its manufacturing to China due to the cheap labour available there. Uniqlo has expanded its operations across China, US, Europe, Asia to become the most valuable brands in the fashion retail industry. Uniqlo has collaborated with famous designers such as JW Anderson to provide captivating collection of apparel with utmost comfort for everday clothing. Uniqlo has been able to make its mark in the apparel industry owing to its continuous research and development of new materials and improving existing texture of clothes. Uniqlo owns 831 stores in Japan and has a total of 1089 international stores worldwide. Uniqlo takes feedback from its customers and incorporates them into their product development. Uniqlo has adopted sustainable methods in its manufacturing process and entire supply chain. Under the initiative All-Product Recycling the company had donated 25.58 million secondhand clothing collected in Uniqlo stores worldwide to support refugees and displaced persons in 2017. The current CEO of the company is Tadashi Yanai.


    Profit (in million $): 645

    Sales (in million $): 7537


    7) GAP

    GAP is US based multinational company which was founded by Donald Fisher in 1969.


    Image: flickr.com/photos/fufuwolf/

    Headquartered at San Francisco, California, this brand is the largest retailer of clothing and accessories in the world. At the initial phase of the company, GAP targeted mainly teenagers through its Levi’s brand but later it incorporated clothing for each generation at all stages of life. GAP has several brands such as Banana Republic, Old Navy, Athleta, and Intermix brands, that offers a wide range of apparel, accessories, and personal care products for men, women, and children. GAP offers apparel and accessories for kids under the GapKids, babyGap and for pregnant women under GapMaternity, GapBody. GAP designs and sells clothes for specific occasion like weddings through its brand Weddington Way. GAP acquired Athleta in 2008, which provides sports apparel for women. GAP owns 3200 stores and 459 franchise stores across the globe. GAP designs apparels according to the varied needs of different demographics of customers. It has also set different price tags for its apparel across different countries.  Customers can purchase GAP apparel and accessories through its stores or globally through its website online.As of 2017, the company had a total of 135,000 employees and the current CEO is Art Peck.  The revenue amounted to 15.8 $ billion as of Dec, 2017.


    Profit (in million $): 848

    Sales (in million $): 15855


    6) H&M

    H&M (Hennes & Mauritz AB) is a Swedish based international company headquartered at Stockholm that offers its apparel and accessories to a worldwide market.


    Image: Wikimedia

    Established in 1947 by Erling Persson, H&M is the largest retailer that provides fast-fashion clothing and accessories for men, women, children as well as teenagers. H&M has collaborated with famous designers and celebrities to promote its apparel. H&M also takes design collections from renowned designers that have helped H&M to provide trend-setting and new range of clothing collection and accessories to its customers. H&M has also been able to create a significant presence in the online market.  H&M has eight brands such as COS, Weekday, Monki and Cheap Monday etc. H&M is set to launch its ninth brand, Afound in 2018. Afound will give customers exclusive range of famous fashion and lifestyle brands for both men and women at discounted price. In 2017 H&M launched online services for eight new markets including Turkey, Singapore, Malaysia, Cyprus etc. The H&M has online presence in 44 markets as of December 2017. In 2018 H&M is anticipated to open 390 new retail stores. The company has more than 4500 retail stores worldwide The current CEO of H&M is Karl-Johan Persson and the company has total 161,000 employees as of 2017.


    Profit (in million $): 1746.86

    Sales (in million $): 21587.98


    5) Adidas

    Adidas is German based multinational company that manufactures and sells a variety of apparels and accessories for men and women.


    Image: Wikimedia

    Adidas was founded in August 1949 by Adolf Dassler and his brother Rudolf, and has gone on to become a leading global brand. Later they had a conflict and the company was split into Adidas by Adolf and Puma by Rudolf which is a big rival of Adidas today. Adidas is the largest manufacturer of sportswear and apparel in the world. Some of the apparels of Adidas consist of men’s and women’s t-shirts, hoodies, sweatpants, leggings and jackets. Adidas has focused mainly on football and brought a lot of innovative products for this game. It is a major supplier in the football industry across the world.  Adidas has also designed footballs for WorldCup tournaments. Adidas provides sports equipment such as boots and kits for all major sports like baseball, cricket, football, basketball, golf etc. Adidas also offers its products in deodorants, watches, bags, sandals, eyewear etc. Adidas has Reebok as its subsidiary which is a major player in the athletic and footwear industry. Adidas sponsors various sports teams and sportspersons across the world. Some sports team sponsored by Adidas are Bayern Munich, Real Madrid, Manchester United and some sportsperson sponsored by Adidas are Andy Murray, Lionel Messi, Virat Kohli. Kasper Rorsted is the current CEO of Adidas. Adidas has recently launched Adidas app in Google playstore and Apple App store in US and U.K to give its customers enhanced shopping experience.


    Profit (in million $): 1167.36

    Sales (in million $): 22517.25


    4) Zara

    Based in Spain, ZARA is the flagship brand of Inditex Group which owns other brands like Pull & Bear, Oysho, Zara Home, and Stradivarius.


    Image: flickr.com/photos/southbeachcars/

    Zara was founded by Amancio Ortega and Rosalía Mera in 1975, and is known for its fashionable, stylish and classy range of apparels and accessories. Zara provides its apparels, shoes and accessories across 90+ countries and owns more than 2,000+ stores worldwide. One prominent aspect of Zara is that it produces a new product within six days, on the contrary other retailers take at least six months. And if that design is not generating sales, it is removed from the retail shops and further orders are also cancelled. Zara has also collaborated with Detox Campaign to remove hazardous chemicals from its clothing during the manufacturing process. Also Zara does not invest in any kind of advertising. It has the most efficient supply chain. These are some of the unique manufacturing and distribution practices of ZARA that sets it apart from its competitors. Zara offers a variety of fashionable apparel, shoes and accessories for women, men and kids. Zara designs its apparel based on the trending consumer preferences. Zara unveiled new range of sustainable fashion collections like Join Life collections and introduced in-store used-garment recycling containers. Zara has recently started its online services in 12 new markets across Europe. It has presence in 39 online markets currently. As of May, 2017 its revenue totaled at 11.3 $ Billion.


    Profit (in million $): 3578.48

    Sales (in million $): 26887.4


    3) Nike

    Nike is US based international company headquartered at Oregon which sells apparel and accessories in athletic footwear, sports, athletic and other recreational and products.


    Image: pxhere

    Nike is the largest supplier of apparel and sports shoes in the world. Some of their apparels include jerseys, shorts, hoodies, trousers, tights, sneakers, sweatpants track suits for a wide range of sports like football, cricket, tennis, golf, baseball, basketball etc. Nike has a large customer base owing to its offerings of products which has high quality, price, variety, and a wide range of products. Nike’s swoosh logo signifies its brand value and is considered as a status symbol.  Nike has made its mark not only in the sports field but it has established itself as a market leader in the apparel industry as well. Nike is noted for its continuous innovation in the apparel and footwear segments specially the shoes for athletes which enables them to deliver high performance. Nike also allows its customers to do customization of its products like customers can choose color of sports shoes like Air Max, Air force, Metcon etc. Nike has done a series of acquisitions like Cole Haan, Hurley International, Umbro, Bauer Hockey, and Starter over the years.  Nike has associated itself with high profile athletes, sports team through sponsorships and it promotes it products through them. Few sports club sponsored by Nike are Indian Cricket team, Barcelona, Chelsea and sportsman such as Ronaldinho, Cristiano Ronaldo, Didier Drogba, Neymar, Wayne Rooney, Andrés Iniesta. As of 2017, the revenue of Nike amounted to $29.6 billion.


    Profit (in million $): 4240

    Sales (in million $): 34350


    2) Louis Vuitton

    Louis Vuitton is one of the most iconic brands in the apparel industry have a strong global footprint.


    Image: Wikimedia

    It is a French based retail company famous for its luxury items such as trunks, leather goods, shoes, apparel, watches, sunglasses, books, perfumes and other accessories. It is the most valuable brand in the world and considered a status symbol to carry its products. Louis Vuitton promotes its products through famous and popular celebrities, artists, and musicians like Jennifer Lopez, Angelina Jolie, and Madonna etc. It has also collaborated with famous designers and artists like Jeff Koons, Takashi Murakami who provide special collections for Louis Vuitton’s apparels.  The company sells its products through stores and online website. In 2018 it has rolled out its digitally-enriched store concepts in Paris.  Louis Vuitton is the market leader in the fashion retail industry because it continuously strives to reinvent itself through constant innovation.  In 2017, Louis Vuitton acquired Christian Dior Couture which is proving beneficial and profitable for the company.  Louis Vuitton unveiled its first smart watch, the Supreme brand in 2017. Some of the flagship bags of Louis Vuitton are Speedy bags and Neverfull bags. Louis Vuitton also produces special limited edition bags for which prior booking is required. The company has the most efficient manufacturing process like it can produce a trunk in 60 hrs and a suitcase in less than 15 hrs. The current CEO of the company is Michael Burke. The company has presence in around 50 countries and owns 460 stores worldwide.


    Profit (in million $): 5443.06

    Sales (in million $): 45246.74


    1) Christian Dior

    Famous designer Christian Dior founded the brand in 1946, which is a global fashion brand now.


    Image: Wikimedia

    Headquartered at Paris, France Christian Dior commonly known as Dior is a global leader in the apparel industry. His first collection with the Huit and Corolle lines created a huge demand for this brand, and today the company has expanded its products line from clothing to include leather goods, accessories, footwear, jewelry, watch, perfumes and skincare products. Dior was criticized for designing corsets that were restrictive and regressive. The company has also been criticized for designing unrealistically small clothes for women. Dior introduced its first perfumes with the Diorama brand in the late 1940s. Christian Dior label is mainly famous for offering apparels for women, but Dior introduced the Dior Homme line for men in 1970s captured the attention of male customers. The company has introduced the brand the baby Dior to cater to the clothing for children. This brand has presence in 210 locations across the world. Some of the famous celebrities endorsed by the company are Sharon Stone, Jennifer Lawrence, CharlizeTheron.  Dior has also collaborated with famous designers like Yves Saint Laurent and John Galliano.  The company sells its products through retail stores as well as through its online store. Christian Dior is the most successful and valuable brands as it focus on the quality, authenticity and originality of their designs that is renewed with each season and each collection.


    Profit (in million $): 6105.27

    Sales (in million $): 46339.81


    Ranking Methodology:

    1. The top apparel brands in the world are considered for the ranking.

    2. Parameters like sales and profit are taken and given weightages of 60% & 40% respectively.

    3. A final score is calculated and the rankings are evaluated.


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    India has some of the biggest companies in the world. And some of these leading companies are government run organizations. These public sector companies are present in the area of oil & gas, electricity, coal, power etc. These Indian PSU companies have a strong workforce, and owing to the large population served, these are one of the highest revenue and profit making companies in India. The top PSU companies in India include IOCL, BPCL, HPCL, Coal India followed by ONGC, NTPC, BHEL etc. Here is a list of the top 10 public sector (PSU) companies in India 2018 as per revenue.


    Quick Glance:

    Below are the top 10 PSU Companies in India 2018:

    1st Place : IOCL

    2nd Place : BPCL

    3rd Place : HPCL

    4th Place : ONGC

    5th Place : Coal India

    6th Place : NTPC

    7th Place : GAIL

    8th Place : Power Grid Corp

    9th Place : BHEL

    10th Place : Power Finance Corp

    For more details about rankings and parameters, read on.


    Top PSU India 2018 with Ranking Parameters (Revenue):


    10) Power Finance Corporation

    This company is the finance company among the power companies and basically it is a financial institution.


    Image: company website

    The company has been awarded the KPMG- Infrastructure award recognizing the contribution towards development of the entire power sector. It is a Navratna company and the company’s funds are mainly sourced through the rupee denominated bonds. The credit rating of the company is very good both in India and abroad and therefore it can get and thereby give credit very easily and at cheap rates. There is also much of the short term borrowing activity that takes place within this company from other companies, banks and financial institutions. There are also records showing that this company has received ECB from the USA market and this is through the private placement route. Initially the operations were limited to giving credit to companies that were directly linked to the power sector but then of late the company is giving credit to those which have even a remote connection to power sector like the coal sector companies and generation companies. The Ultra-Mega power plants program of the government along with the R-APDRP program are the activity centers of this company. The main subsidiary of this company is the PFC consulting ltd, which is basically a wholly owned subsidiary and this company provides fee-based consulting services.

    Revenues (INR Cr): 27611

    Profits (INR Cr.): 2236


    9) BHEL

    This is a manufacturing and an engineering company that is founded by the government of India in the year 1964 and is headquartered in Delhi.


    Image: Wikimedia

    This also is a Maharatna company, and it produces electrical and mechanical equipment for various sectors which also include transportation like the railways, and transmission, oil and gas and other supporting industries. The major source of revenue is the sale of the required equipment for the necessary generation of power like turbines and boilers. Also, it supplied defence equipment like the Super Rapid Gun Mount naval guns to the Indian armed forces apart from the simulators which again was provided by BHEL. The main activities of this company are engineering, design, testing, servicing and commissioning products to sectors like defence, oil and natural gas, transportation, renewable energy etc. The company has about 19 functional units for manufacturing and there are 5 regional offices of this company. It has a market share of 75% in the power sector. Continuous project management is of the essence for this company considering the various number of projects that it takes up at any given point of time. The exports of this company are again impressive with a client base across 76 countries which are spread over 6 continents.

    Revenues (INR Cr): 29211

    Profits (INR Cr.): 457


    8) Power Grid Corporation

    This is a power utilities company incorporated on October 23, 1989 and is based in Gurugram, India.


    Image: company website

    PGC transmits around 50% of the entire power that is generated in India. The former subsidiary power system operation corporation limited handled the management of the power on the grid previously and there is also a telecom business of this company under the name POWERTEL. The original name was National Power Transmission Corporation Limited. The company is involved in other activities like the executing, designing, planning, operating, and maintenance of transmission systems. Initially the company was operating on a management basis and then later on it took over the assets of NTPC, NEEPCO, NHPC, THDC etc. slowly and commenced operation later. This company is also responsible for establishing and operationalizing the regional and national power grids. These power grids were required for the transfer of power within the regions with both stability and reliability and all the while safety. When the three companies were merged to form power grid the employees of these companies became the employees of power grid. The facilitation of power across all the grids was done by this company.

    Revenues (INR Cr): 26638

    Profits (INR Cr.): 7450


    7) GAIL

    The company is headquartered in Delhi and was incorporated in august 1984 but started the operations in gas sector in 1997.


    Image: company website

    The main activities of this company are natural gas, liquid hydrocarbon, LPG, transportation, transmission, marketing, distribution, generation of gas. GAIL occupied the 131st place among India’s most trusted brands according to the study conducted by the brand trust report. The areas where the blocks are located for this company are Krishna, Godavari, Cauvery, Assam-Arakan and Mahanadi. GAIL has also entered the telecom business lately apart from the venturing into sectors like deep water exploration etc. The largest pipeline of India is owned by GAIL. This is a cross-country pipeline with a total length of about 2300 km. The total pipeline length that this company owns is 11000 km spread across all the 22 states in India. The company also has seven LPG plants. It has a market share of 70% in gas transmission and marketing. The main subsidiaries are the GAIL gas limited, Brahmaputra cracker ad polymer limited, GAIL global pte limited, GAIL global (Singapore) pte limited, GAIL global (USA) and few joint ventures are Aavantika gas limited, Bhagyanagar gas limited, green gas limited, Indraprastha gas limited etc.

    Revenues (INR Cr): 49790

    Profits (INR Cr.): 3368


    6) NTPC

    This is a government company and the main activity of this company is generation of electricity.


    Image: Wikimedia

    Based out of Delhi, the company generates electricity, ensure distribution pan-India and then sells it to the government. It is also involved in activities like consultancy, project management, operation and management of plants. This company has 16% of the total capacity but produces 25% of the total need because of operating efficiencies that it focuses on. It produces 25 billion units of electricity in a month. The government holds approximately 65% of the total stake in this company. It also occupied the 300th position in the Forbes global list. The main joint venture of this company is with Ratnagiri gas and power private limited. Another way which it gets its revenues is through the hydro-electric power plants. The goal of the company is to become a 128000 MW company at least by 2032. The target is to now add around 14058 MW in its next plan. The turning points for this company came when it signed up with Sri Lanka and Ceylon electricity board for the setting up of a plant on their land so as to increase another 500 MW. another major MOU was signed with Japan which will enable the company to establish an alliance for the flow of information in these areas. These major steps along with a few more will catapult the company into a different growth trajectory.

    Revenues (INR Cr): 83819

    Profits (INR Cr.): 10719


    5) Coal India limited

    This company is the largest company in the world producing coal and these operations are done mostly through the 80 odd mining centers spanning across eight states in India.


    Image: otv

    More than 80% of the total coal production in India is done by Coal India Limited and is one of the largest in the world also. This company is controlled by the union government of India and also it was granted Maharatna status in the year 2011. It provides employment to around 335000 people under it. 50% of the total expenditure it incurred in a year was because of employee benefits. In order to acquire more coal blocks in and around India a joint venture with NTPC was formed in 2010 as a 50-50 partnership. The company initially had only 5 subsidiaries and then later on over the years it now has 7 wholly owned subsidiaries and another subsidiary which provides consultancy services for activities like planning, exploration etc. to all the other seven subsidiaries. There is also a wholly owned subsidiary in Mozambique, Africa; which is for the purpose of searching for coal mining in that country. The main blot on this company is what happened in 2011 when it was found that it was operating approximately 240 mines without any sort of environmental clearances whatsoever. It however claimed that the request for clearance was submitted to the Ministry of environment and forests; but this reason was not satisfying to the judiciary system in India.

    Revenues (INR Cr): 124976

    Profits (INR Cr.): 9265


    4) ONGC

    This company is headquartered in Dehradun, Uttarakhand. This is controlled by the ministry of petroleum and natural gas.


    Image: Wikimedia

    This company fulfills the demand of around 30% of the total demand in the country and produces about 80% of the total supply in the market. It is also the largest traded public-sector company in India. In a particular year it was noted to be the most profitable company in India among the public-sector companies and also it occupied the 1st position in the top 250 global energy companies. ONGC has their operations across about 17 countries all over the world. This includes refining, marketing, transportation, drilling, production and development of alternative energy resources along with petroleum products. The major joint ventures to be talked about when it comes to ONGC is ONGC Tripura power company and ONGC Petro additions limited. The primary products of ONGC are crude oil and the natural gas. The assets of this company are in short looked at by the number of basins, plants, refineries etc. ONGC Videsh limited, a company that is responsible for all the foreign operations of ONGC acquired Talisman Energy’s 25% equity shares in a project called the great Nile oil project. After SBI this is the only second company that got a coin issued in its commemoration of the 50th anniversary. In 2012 ONGC made an announcement that they had found an oil field which would make its overall capacity increase drastically. From then on, the profits also have never dipped.

    Revenues (INR Cr): 136367

    Profits (INR Cr.): 20497


    3) HPCL

    HPCL is one of the largest companies in India. Oil and natural gas corporation owns around 51.11% shares in HPCL.


    Image: company website

    This company stands at 360+ place on the fortune global 500 list of the largest companies in the world in 2016. it has around 25% market share in India’s petroleum needs, and the refining capacity was 5.5 million metric tonnes in 1985 and this has increased over the years to almost around 15 metric tonnes in 2013. Even the profits of the company are fairly studied. This company was formed after the merger and acquisition by Esso Standard and Lube India limited. Also, the company has been nationalized and only a majority in the parliament can privatize this company. The main production centers of this company are in Mumbai and Vishakhapatnam. Other areas in which the production centers exist are Barmer, Mangalore, Bathinda etc. HPCL has the one of the biggest refinery which produces lube base oils. These are of international standard and this refinery satisfies a total of 40% of the overall lube production and that too in more than 100 varieties. There are 13 zonal offices and approximately 100 other regional offices. The marketing of this company is phenomenal. All the operations of the company are supported by a very good technology at the back end. The IT center for this company is in Hyderabad. HPCL was once upon a time 10th most valuable brand in India according to a survey done by economic times.

    Revenues (INR Cr): 191196

    Profits (INR Cr.): 8235


    2) BPCL

    This is another Maharatna company which is headquartered in Mumbai.


    Image: company website

    The two most important refineries of this company are located in Mumbai and Kochi, and it once occupied 350+ place in the fortune global 500 list of the world’s biggest companies. This company had the support from the international player- shell. Therefore, the initial years growth was not a problem. It was incorporated on November 3rd in the year 1952. The refinery in Mumbai was responsible for introducing the LPG cooking fuel to the homes of the people. The company saw a good turning point when it introduces the Beyond LPG offer to the Bharat gas customers. This service is accompanied with value added services and discounts which was launched only in two cities at a initial stage. Then later on it again capitalized on differentiation and value proposition by introducing speed petrol in Vishakhapatnam for the new age vehicles. It also partnered with companies like HUL and Honda which are not even in the same business as that of BPCL. Apart from these strategic ventures it also signed a partnership agreement with ONGC so that they could extract advantages in activities like exploration. Innovation for this company was always at the top priority and so the outcomes were sometimes in the form of vehicle care centers, speed97 etc. all in all the company has good growth potential.

    Revenues (INR Cr): 204241

    Profits (INR Cr.): 9506


    1) IOCL

    This company is one of the top most public-sector companies in India and also it was ranked 1st in the fortune India 500 list.


    Image: company website

    Also, IOCL secured the 160+ place in the fortune’s global 500 list of the world’s largest companies for 2017. The company employs more than 33000 people and at least half of these employees are in management positions. The company is into refining, exploration, and marketing and transportation of petroleum products. Mainly the activity is the refining of petroleum. Recently the company has put its money in alternative energy solutions. It has a very strong research and development arm in Faridabad, Delhi NCR. The company has subsidiaries in many countries and some of them also include the ones in Sri Lanka and Mauritius. The company is still on the lookout for strategic partnerships in the middle east and for exploration. In India itself the company has got partnerships with around 20 players. It accounts for almost more than half of the total demand and market share of petroleum in India. It operates 11 refineries out of the total 23 refineries that are operational in India. It recently had a partnership with ola and started a charging station which was the first in India. This single step towards innovative solutions and coping with the need of the hour always ensures that this company is on the top of the list of India’s best public-sector companies.

    Revenues (INR Cr): 359822

    Profits (INR Cr.): 19849


    Ranking Methodology:

    1. Consider the largest PSU companies in India

    2. Parameters like revenues and profits are taken and given weightages of 0.6 and 0.4

    3. The score is calculated and the final rankings are evaluated.


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    The car companies also known as automotive manufacturers is one of the world’s most important economic sector by revenue. This includes a wide range of companies and organizations involved in the design, development, manufacturing, marketing, and selling of motor vehicles, some of them are called automakers. The top car companies in the world sell a range of vehicles like sedans, hatchbacks, SUVs, trucks, buses etc. The list of top car brands in the world include Toyota, Volkswagen, Daimler, GM followed by Ford, Honda, SAIC, BMW etc. Here is a list of the top 10 car companies in the world 2018.


    Quick Glance:

    Below are the top 10 Car Brands in World 2018:

    1st Place : Toyota

    2nd Place : Volkswagen

    3rd Place : Daimler

    4th Place : General Motors

    5th Place : Ford Motor

    6th Place : Honda Motors

    7th Place : SAIC

    8th Place : BMW

    9th Place : Nissan

    10th Place : Fiat Chrysler

    For more details about rankings and parameters, read on.


    Top Car Brands 2018 with Ranking Parameters (Revenue, Market Cap):


    10. Fiat Chrysler

    Fiat Chrysler Automobiles (FCA) is one of the leading car companies in the world.


    Image: company website

    The company engaged in the designing, engineering, manufacturing and selling of vehicles and related parts and services, components and production systems. The company has its operations and customer base worldwide through 150+ state-of-the art manufacturing facilities, many R&D centers, and dealers and distributors in nearly 150 countries. In 2014, the company was formed by bringing together Fiat and Chrysler into a new holding company, Fiat Chrysler Automobiles. The company is among the top car companies in terms of revenue. The list of brands that the company works with are Alfa Romeo, Chrysler, Fiat, Jeep, Maserati etc the parts and service brand. The Group’s businesses also include engineering and manufacturing of iron, steel, systems etc. The total employee strength of the firm is around 236,000 employees generating a total revenue of 100+ billion euros. Fiat Chrysler Automobiles also engages in the mass production of self-driving vehicles by collaborating with Waymo which is refereed to as the first-of-its kind collaboration. The company has already delivered Pacifica Hybrid minivans to Waymo which was adapted for self-driving during the second half of 2016 and an additional 500 in 2017.


    Revenue (Bn $): 116.96

    Market Cap (Bn $): 30.72


    9. Nissan Motor

    Nissan Motor Corporation is a Japanese automaker having been established in the year 1933 at the Yokohama city in Japan.


    Image: pixabay

    Since then the company has evolved itself into a truly global company and has a strong global presence across all continents. The company is involved in the sales and manufacturing of automotive products such as automobiles, trucks and buses as well as other related auto-products. The company has its manufacturing facilities in as many as 20 countries worldwide and customers in more than 160 different nations.  The company owns a diverse range of world renowned brands which operates to produce a wide variety of products. The company’s well known revolutionary products ranges from the 100% electric Nissan Leaf to the super-performer Nismo. The company is also heavily investing in a portfolio of "green" technologies which includes clean diesels, efficient internal-combustion engines and hybrids. The company also gives special focus on the producing the zero emission vehicles, such as electric cars and fuel cell vehicles. Nissan is also known for its operations through forming strategic alliances. Renault currently has roughly around 43 percent share of Nissan while the Japanese carmaker has a 15 percent stake in its French counterpart. According to a recent report, there are chances that a deal would end the current alliance between the companies and marry them as one corporation. On September 2017 Nissan acquired a $2.2 billion controlling stake in Mitsubishi and hence making Mitsubishi an equal partner in the Renault-Nissan Alliance. The new name of the alliance now runs as Renault–Nissan–Mitsubishi Alliance.


    Revenue (Bn $): 108.16

    Market Cap (Bn $): 43.85


    8. BMW group

    BMW group abbreviated as Bayerische Motoren Werke Group is one of the leading manufacturers of premium automobiles and motorcycles in the world.


    Image: pixabay

    Besides, the company also acts as the provider of premium financial and mobility services. The company trace back its inception in the year 1916 with its current headquarter in Munich, Germany and it has evolved itself as a truly global company with as many as 30+ production and assembly facilities in many countries and a global sales network. The company’s total employee strength is 120,000+ out of which around 90 percent of the employees are in automobile segment. BMW major models includes BMWi which is electric vehicles leading the way in alternative drive trains, lightweight design and aerodynamics, BMW M which is a pioneer in authentic motor-racing functionality with exclusive, sporty aesthetic appeal, Mini, Mini John Cooper Works, Rolls-Royce Motor Cars which is a very popular premium segment automobile and Motorrad, the motorcycle brand. The company is owned mostly by The Quandt family who are long-term shareholders of the company while the remaining stocks are owned by public float. BMW has a tradition of exceptional innovations. The company was the first to design aircraft engine with aluminum piston in the year 1917. It also designed the BMW328 which was the most successful car of 1930s by making its chassis lightweight and aluminum cylinder heads. Infact, the company has a significant motorsport history, especially in touring cars, Formula 1, sports cars and the Isle of Man TT. According to the recent report, more than 20 BMWs are participating in the Formula One.


    Revenue (Bn $): 104.13

    Market Cap (Bn $): 70.28


    7. SAIC Motor

    SAIC Motor Corporation Limited is the largest Chinese automaker enlisted in the Fortune 500 Global list.


    Image: company website

    The company has made to the elite list twelfth time in a row, reflecting on the company’s ever-expanding business. The company is also considered as belonging to the “Big 4” Chinese car brands owned by the government and has its headquarter in Shanghai, China but is operating worldwide. The company’s main business includes vehicles, components, auto trade & services, and financing. SAIC Motor has been dominating the auto market in China since 2006.with its current Domestic market share stands at around 23%. The Company has a new SAIC plant coming up in Thailand and is involved in constructing the vehicle and auto-parts park in Indonesian. They have also negotiated for the acquisition of GM India factory. In the international operation, the Company has witnessed a higher sales volume in the overseas key regional markets where the sales of MG brand and Maxus light commercial vehicles both increased by 20% and 53% respectively.  The company also operates through many joint ventures with renowned brands. Along with VW, SAIC has sold more than two million cars in China alone. SGMW maintained the first place in the sales market of vehicles in China and successfully broke into Top four companies with the largest sales volume of passenger vehicles in the domestic market.


    Revenue (Bn $): 113.86

    Market Cap (Bn $): 62.91


    6. Honda Motor

    Honda Motor Company is a Japanese multinational automotive and motorcycle company with its presence all around the globe.


    Image: pixabay

    The company deals in automobiles, aircraft, motorcycles, and power equipment and even boasts about running of Honda equipment or vehicles in all seven different continents including Antarctica. The company was incorporated in 1948 by Soichiro Honda and is headquartered at Tokyo, Japan. Honda is the sixth largest automobile manufacturer in the world behind Toyota, Volkswagen Group, Daimler, General Motors and Ford Motors among Fortune 500 Global companies.  Founded in Japan in the year 1948, Honda have had a tremendous journey to being one of the leading manufacturers of the world. From opening of its first U.S. outlet in in 1950s, the company quickly grew fast to become a global brand.  Honda Motor became the first car company from Japan to be a net exporter from the United States, exporting 100,000+ Honda and Acura models, while importing 85000+. The Honda Clarity Series Cars which are the plug-in hybrid electric and hydrogen fuel cell powered vehicles has been named 2018 Green Car of the Year. Honda has some of the leading car brands and variants selling worldwide, namely City, CRV etc.


    Revenue (Bn $): 129.2

    Market Cap (Bn $): 62.12


    5. Ford Motor

    Ford Motor Company is an American multinational automaker incorporated in Delaware in the year 1919.


    Image: pixabay

    The company started by acquiring the business of a Michigan company, also known as Ford Motor Company, which had been incorporated in 1903 to produce and sell automobiles designed and engineered by Henry Ford. With about 200,000 employees worldwide, the Company makes and services a full line of Ford cars, trucks, electric vehicles etc. Ford Motors vehicle brands includes Ford and Lincoln. In 2017, the company sold approximately 6,500,000+ vehicles at wholesale throughout the world. The company has multiple consolidated and unconsolidated Joint ventures. The consolidated Joint ventures includes Ford Lio Ho Motor Company Ltd., Ford Sollers Netherlands B.V and Ford Vietnam Limited. The unconsolidated joint ventures AutoAlliance (Thailand) Co., Ltd., Changan Ford Automobile Corporation, Ltd., Ford Otomotiv Sanayi Anonim Sirket, JMC, etc.  Ford emerged comeback story from the Great Recession of 2008 is a model for inspiration. The company achieved this feat through restructuring and re-energizing its business. The company has had the achievement of being one of the companies having the highest sales in US. The company has also launched multiple models the previous year which includes F-150, EcoSport, Focus Electric, all-new Fiesta and all-new Expedition, and an all-new Lincoln Navigator.


    Revenue (Bn $): 151.8

    Market Cap (Bn $): 45.2


    4. General Motors

    General Motors is a global automotive company established in the year 1908.


    Image: pixabay

    With its global headquarter at Detroit, USA, the company operates in five continents across many countries. With an employee strength of 180,000 from 70+ nationalities, the company has a very diverse and dedicated team. General Motors functions with eight renowned distinctive brands across the globe which includes, Buick, GMC, Cadillac, Holden, Baojun, Wuling, and Jiefang. The company offers vehicles ranging from electric cars to heavy-duty full-sized trucks which talks volume about the firm’s global reach. The company has shown a remarkable performance the previous year. In 2017, the company delivered 9 million vehicles globally through its dealers which counts to over 12,450 selling vehicles in 125 different countries. General Motors is also going to open five new manufacturing facilities in China by this year end to support sales of nearly 5 million vehicles annually. The company also created the affordable all-electric Chevrolet bolt EV which offers up to an EPA-estimated 238 miles of pure electric range on a full charge. The company has been appreciated multiple times for its quality and performance. Chevrolet won the 2016 Motor Trend car and truck of the year, it has 19 2016-models with a 5-star overall vehicle score which is more than any manufacturer selling in USA and Chevrolet Volt is two-times winner of the Green Car of the Year Award. General Motors designed the crash test dummies which is now a global standard for frontal crash testing. It is also the first North American Auto Manufacturer to build a roll over test facility.


    Revenue (Bn $): 166.38

    Market Cap (Bn $): 52.57


    3. Daimler

    Daimler AG is one of the world’s biggest producer and supplier of premium cars and commercial vehicles all around the world.


    Image: pixabay

    The company has strong presence through Mercedes-Benz passenger vehicles, Daimler Trucks, Vans, Buses and Financial Services the company has its global presence in multiple domains. The company, Mercedes-Benz is also a specialist in all-terrain four wheel drive brands. In the year 2017, the company sales risen to 3.3 million altogether with Mercedes Benz accounting for 2.4 million of them which is more than ever before. The company recorded a revenue of 163.4 billion euros, again showing a jump of 7 percent as compared to the previous year. China has been one of the core reason for this remarkable performance by the group which saw a 28 percent rise in the sale of Mercedes-Benz. The company also performed exceedingly well in electric cars segment as 136,000 electric smart models were sold worldwide. Mercedes-Benz Cars also sets an unprecedented series of record of increasing its unit sales every month for more than four years – without a break. In April2017, unit sales grew compared with the prior-year month for the 50th month in succession. As a measure for future, Daimler is cooperating with Bosch to advance the development of highly automated driving and driverless cars.


    Revenue (Bn $): 169.48

    Market Cap (Bn $): 90.56


    2. Volkswagen

    Volkswagen Group is the second largest manufacturer of the world with its headquarter in Wolfsburg, Lower Saxony, Germany.


    Image: company website

    The group consists of two divisions: the automotive divisions and the financial services divisions. The automotive divisions further comprise of the passenger cars, the commercial vehicles and the Power engineering business areas. The vision of The Volkswagen passenger cars is “Moving people and driving them forward”. The Group has a reputation of owning big car names like Volkswagen Passenger Cars, Audi, SEAT, Skoda, etc. In the year 2017, the company achieved a new record by delivering 1.07 crores vehicles worldwide. With its employee strength of around 6,42,300 the group is one of the largest employers in private sector. In the previous fiscal year, the sales revenue of the firm stood at 230.7 billion euro which is an increase by 6.2% year-on-year. The sales of Volkswagen passenger cars in 2017 totaled 3.6 million vehicles as compared to 4.3 million of the previous year. The decline was mainly because of the reclassification of the companies in the group. However, during the same period the company produced 6.3 million vehicles which was 4 % more than the previous year. In August,2017 the company rolled out its 150 millionth vehicle from assembly line at Volkswagen’s main plant in Wolfsburg. The company has launched its "TOGETHER – Strategy 2025" future program in order to transform its automotive core business and will among other things be launching a further 30-plus fully electric cars by 2025.


    Revenue (Bn $): 240.26

    Market Cap (Bn $): 99.73


    1. Toyota Motors

    Toyota Motor Corporation is the largest automaker of the world. It is a Japanese multinational firm having a global presence.


    Image: pixabay

    With its headquarter in Aichi, Japan, the company has grown to become the world’s fifth largest firm in terms of revenue. The company operates through more than 50 overseas manufacturing plants spread over 30 countries and regions of the world. This covers all the broad regions of the world including North America, Latin America, Africa, Asia-Oceania and Europe.  The company has reached its 75 years since inception very recently. To celebrate its 75th anniversary, the company has compiled 75 Years of Toyota. In the financial year 2017-18, the company gained a total revenue of 6.4% from the previous year. The company’s total sales stood at approx. 9 million vehicles worldwide generating a revenue of 29,000+ billion yen. Toyota Motors has a commitment towards innovations which help them towards a high performance in Motor-Sports. Toyota also takes initiatives to involve the customers towards the future they dream of. Toyota shows commitment to safety by Introducing the "Integrated Safety Management Concept". Through this the company supports the driver in each stage of driving (Parking, Active Safety, Pre-Collision Safety, Passive Safety and Rescue) by integrating each system.


    Revenue (Bn $): 254.69

    Market Cap (Bn $): 206.06


    Ranking Methodology:

    1. The leading car companies in the world are considered.

    2. Parameters like revenues and market cap are taken and given weightages of 60% and 40% respectively.

    3. A final score is calculated and the rankings are evaluated.


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    Ecommerce sector is growing with double digit growth rate. Retail ecommerce sales able to achieve a figure of 2.3 trillion US dollars. It has been forecasted that by 2021, it will touch figure of around 4.8 trillion US dollars. U.S & China amounted to sales of worth 1.6 trillion US dollars which accounts 70% of the overall ecommerce sales in the world. Ecommerce growth rate in U.S was close to 15% and overall ecommerce sector in Asia-Pacific region had grown at a rate of 30%. Below listed companies are the world’s top 10 ecommerce sites if revenue and growth rate is taken into consideration while ranking them. The top ecommerce companies include names like Amazon, JD, Walmart, Alibaba followed by Booking.com, Rakuten, Shopify etc. Here is a list of the top 10 eCommerce companies in the world 2018.

    Quick Glance:

    Below are the top eCommerce Companies in World 2018:

    1st Place : Amazon

    2nd Place : JD.com

    3rd Place : Alibaba

    4th Place : Walmart

    5th Place : Booking Holdings

    6th Place : Shopify

    7th Place : Rakuten

    8th Place : Otto

    9th Place : eBay

    10th Place : Asos

    For more details about rankings and parameters, read on.


    10. Asos

    ASOS.com is a British online fashion store aimed at youngsters and adults having a popular brand recall.


    Image: company website

    It was founded by Nick Robertson and Quentin Griffiths in the year 2000 and is headquartered in Camden Town, at Greater London House and has its major fulfilment centre located in Barnsley, South Yorkshire. Asos sells over 80000 brands and has its own range of clothing. Asos.com is a global online beauty and fashion retailer offers menswear, womenswear, jewellery, footwear and beauty products. It ships their products over 140 countries through various warehouses in UK, China, US and Europe. ASOS basically abbreviated to the term AsSeenOnTheScreen limited. ASOS has over 4500 employees and is largest independent fashion online store in UK. Recently they launched a marketing campaign intended to take full advantage of the Instagram Stories’ feature encouraged users to upload pictures or videos of ASOS products and they were able to generate almost 3 million footprints in UK itself. By 2018 it has around 10 million downloads and app has a key feature that allows users to upload pictures of clothing they like and the app will return the product similar or close to the uploaded product.


    9. eBay

    eBay was founded by Pierre Omidyar in the year 1995, it is a ecommerce company based out in San Jose, California.


    Image: flickr.com/photos/jeepersmedia/

    It provides people the option to buy or sell wide variety of products or services worldwide and it follows both B2C and C2C kind of business model. The company listed almost every saleable item by year 2000 and the business grew quickly. Company connect millions of buyers and sellers around the world. They used robust technology to power their platform which enables sellers to offer their inventory and list their items on their platform and let customers to find and purchase it, virtually anytime and anywhere. It has its operations in more than 30 countries. eBay has approximately 14,000 employees worldwide. It has around 170 million active buyers worldwide and able achieve GMV of $24.4 billion. For the Q4, eBay reported revenue of around $2.6 billion. It has crossed downloads of 391 million across the globe. It widely uses analytics to analyse the aspects of buying and selling behaviour so that they can enhance the customer experience. eBay had some of the biggest technology firms in the last years like Paypal, Skype, Stubhub etc. eBay generates revenue by charging the listing fees from sellers and some commission from sellers on the sale of product through their platform.


    8. Otto

    The Otto group is one of the biggest ecommerce companies mainly based in France and Germany and has its operations in more than 20 countries.


    Image: company website

    It was founded by Werner Otto as a mail order company in Hamburg, and in less than 2 years of its operations, Otto was able to increase its turnover by a factor of 5. In the year 1995, Otto goes online and made available extensive range of products online. The group offers new concept of variety of products and range to cater to the changing needs of the consumer in the retail sector. The company now provides services related to logistics, transport and quality services to the companies outside the group or to its partners. In the year 2000, Otto group was able to secure 2nd position in B2C business after Amazon. OTTO group was able to position itself as the world’s largest online retailer for fashion and lifestyle products. Otto also launched augmented reality stores where users can try on items from nearby Otto store in front of their webcam and later they can post their pics on social networking site like Facebook. Otto group incorporated new idea of open commerce where with the help of technology, it compliments its own fashion range by using user generated content comprising ideas from third parties. This gives customers new access to shop assortment.


    7. Rakuten

    Rakuten is a Japanese ecommerce company based in Tokyo and was founded by Hiroshi Mikitani 1977.


    Image: flickr.com/photos/priceminister/

    Rakuten is a Japanese word which means Optimism, is also called as Amazon of Japan, offering thousands of products online. It offers digital content, fin-tech solutions and ecommerce services to over 1 billion members around the world. It has total strength close to around 15,000 employees worldwide. It expands its operations through joint venture and acquisition. It acquired Buy.com, play.com, viber etc. to mark its presence in different countries. It also invested in companies like Pinterest, AHA life, Lyft, Acrons etc. and also it has its own online marketing business, Rakuten Marketing. The company went public in year 2000, at that time it had 2300 stores and 95 million page views per month making it as the most famous site in Japan. Rakuten was one of the first major companies which started accepting bitcoins for payments across its global marketplaces. Rakuten to market its platform signed one of the biggest deal with FC Barcelona, one of the most famous football team in Europe with its name appearing on players jerseys. In 2018, group purchased Marine and Asahi fire from one of the Japans leading bank Nomura for an estimated 46 billion yen. This will Rakuten’s first investment in general insurance sector and the Asahi will become company’s wholly owned subsidiary which will provide accident, fire and automotive insurance to corporate clients and various other consumers.


    6. SHOPIFY

    Shopify was founded by Tobias Lütke, Scott Lake and Daniel Weinand.


    Image: flickr.com/photos/opengridscheduler/

    It is a Canadian ecommerce company having its headquarter in Ottawa, Ontario. This company is having more than 6 lakh merchants using its platform and shopify has been able to achieve Gross Merchandise value of $55 billion. The founders of Shopify firstly attempt to open online store for Snowboarding equipment’s and this startup was named as Snowdevil but they were unsatisfied with existing ecommerce products in the market which lead them to launch their own ecommerce platform known as Shopify. In 2009 they launched Shopify app store and API platform which can be used by developers to develop apps for online stores and sell those on Shopify app store. The app lets their online store owners to manage their stores using their mobile devices. Shopify has also been named as Ottawa’s fastest growing ecommerce company by Ottawa business journal in year 2010. The company then launched a Shopify payments platform which allowed consumers to pay directly through credit cards without requiring a third party payment gateway. The company went public in the year 2015 and was able to raise more than $131 million. Amazon.com announced the closure of its Amazon webstore services for its merchant and chose Shopify as a preferred migration provider and also, Amazon integrated with Shopify which allowed Shopify merchants to sell on Amazon from their Shopify store. This exercise actually helped Shopify in increasing their stock value by almost 10%.


    5. BOOKING HOLDINGS

    Booking holdings was earlier named as Priceline.com and it has its headquarter in US.


    Image: Wikimedia

    It was founded by JS Walker in the year 1997, and Priceline went public in the year 1999 and was able to generate $13 Billion through IPO. Price started its business by selling gasoline, groceries, telephone services, second hand goods, home mortgages, online travel site and new cars under its name your own price service. Priceline discontinue some services to focus more on travel business in the year 2000. Priceline was able to generate its first profit in the year 2001. Priceline also enters into retail hotel business in the year 2004 by acquiring a majority stake in TravelWeb. It also acquires Activehotel.com, an online hotel booking company in Europe. To grow further they acquired booking.com in the year 2005 which is now world’s largest accommodation website today. Priceline further acquired companies in online hotel space and surpassed Expedia to become India’s largest online hotel reservation service. Priceline group was also named as Fortune most admired company as well as most innovative company in the travel space. It operates its website in more than 40 languages and 200 countries. In 2016, it was able to sell more than 7 million air tickets through its platform, consumer booked 557 million room nights of accommodation and 66 million rental car days. One of its subsidiary rentalcars.com was awarded world’s leading car rental app.


    4. Walmart

    Walmart Inc. is an US retail giant and was founded by Sam Walton in the year 1962.


    Image: flickr.com/photos/jeepersmedia/

    Walmart has more than 11000 stores and is operating across 28 countries under 58 different names. Walmart was able to generate $480 billion of revenue and was able establish it as world’s largest company by revenue according to Fortune Global 500 list in 2016. The revenue generated through its ecommerce operations is just 4% of its overall revenue. Walmart is famous among its customers because Walmart customers able to purchase products at very low price on any day. The reason behind selling items at lower price is that Walmart is able to achieve economies of scales. Walmart analyse large amount of user data which allows them to optimise their operations by predicting consumer’s habits. Now Walmart is focussing more on expanding online commerce. In year 2016, it acquired Jet.com to compete with Amazon.com. Walmart’s US ecommerce CEO considering doubling their warehouses for ecommerce to enhance consumers digital experience. In early 2006 when India had strict FDI regulations, Walmart announced a joint venture with Bharti Enterprise. Bharti enterprise would handle the front end retail stores and Walmart takes care of cold chain and logistics. Now Walmart is in talks to buy India’s ecommerce giant Flipkart at a valuation close to $20 billion. If the deal goes through, it will pose a great threat and competition to Amazon’s India ecommerce operations.


    3. Alibaba

    Alibaba is one of the China’s biggest ecommerce firms and was founded by 18 people led by Jack Ma, a former English teacher from Hangzhou in 1999.


    Image: flickr.com/photos/leighklotz/

    Jack Ma believed that it will empower small businesses and will level the playing field by leveraging innovation and technology to compete in the global economies. They enable the businesses to transform their way of doing business by providing them fundamental technological infrastructure so that they can leverage the power of internet to engage with the users and customers. As the name suggests it opens for small- to medium-sized companies. Alibaba is the most valuable retailer in the world since 2014 and has its operations expanded in more than 200 countries. In year, 2018 it became the 2nd Asian company to break the $500 billion valuation mark. In the early phase Soft bank, Goldman Sachs invested heavily in Alibaba. In 2016, company was able to achieve GMV of $478 billion and aims to double it by 2020. The company accounted for 80% of the total online sales happening in their nation through their online portal in 2014 and feature around billion of products due to which it was featured in the world’s top 20 most visited sites. Alibaba is planning to spend 500 billion yuan over five years to build robust logistic network in China and around the world.


    2. JD.COM

    JD.COM is a Chinese B2C ecommerce company. Company is headquartered in Beijing, China.


    Image: Wikimedia

    Formerly it was known with a name 360buy and currently this platform has more than 260 million active users, who are engaged with offers, new products and much more. Company was founded by Liu Quiangdong in 1998, that’s why it is also known with a name Jingdong. The company firstly started its business as optical magneto store but soon they diversified, selling mobile phones, electronics etc. the company is making use of AI and high tech technology to improve its delivery system. JD.COM now offers wide variety of products, almost across every major category like FMCG, food, home appliances, apparel etc. They possess largest drone delivery system, robots and autonomous technology, delivery through drones. They are currently testing autonomous robots for making deliveries and also they are investing huge amount in building drone delivery airports, driverless deliveries using autonomous trucks etc. This company was able to achieve record by selling products of worth $19 billion in a single day in the year 2017. The company is also famous for its Jingteng’s plan, this strategy provides brand owners information about the accurate target consumer groups and helps merchants to achieve effective and accurate marketing which helps them in increasing their sales further. Walmart sold its ecommerce business in the year 2016 to JD.COM to get 5% equity stake in JD.COM. JD.COM is planning to increase its presence across Europe, UK and France in coming years.


    1. Amazon

    Amazon is an US based ecommerce giant. It was founded by Jeff Bezos on July 5, 1994.


    Image: flickr.com/photos/mikemacmarketing/

    It is the number 1 ecommerce company in the world if measured in terms of Market capitalization and revenue. Jeff Bezos firstly started it as online bookstore and later they diversified to sell whole range of products, which has now become the world’s largest online shopping platform. This can be found in company’s logo as well which has curved arrow shaped like smile representing from A to Z which suggests that company has every product from A to Z. Jeff Bezos initially named it as Cadabra, Inc but later it was named as Amazon which was the biggest river in the world and also Amazon was a place that was exotic and different. Amazon initially for almost 5 years did not make any profit due to its unusual business model. But Amazon survived and made first profit in the year 2001 that proved Bezos' unconventional business model could succeed. Amazon has nearly 3.5 Lakh employees and every employee works with a mindset that how they can create value for the customers. Due to such vision, Amazon was able to achieve $100 billion mark in annual revenues in the year 2015.Amazon has its presence in many countries and now investing huge amount of money to expand its operations in India as well. In year 2016, Jeff Bezos announced investment of $3 Billion in India. It announced to acquire Whole foods, a supermarket chain of 400 stores to strengthen its physical presence and to challenge Walmart’s supremacy in brick and mortar stores.


    Ranking Methodology:

    1. The leading ecommerce and online shopping brands are taken.

    2. Parameters like revenues and growth are taken and given weightages of 90% and 10% respectively.

    3. A final composite score is calculated and the rankings are derived.